Telanga History Recharla Reddy Dynasty
Recharla Reddy dynasty served the Kakatiyas as army chiefs, subordinate rulers and ministers. A branch of this dynasty ruled the Amanagallu, Pillalamarri, Miryalaguda, Nagulapadu, Somavaram, Chilukur, Talvai, Sirikonda and ’ Burugugadda regions of present Nalgonda district, another branch ruled Mulugu, Elakurty, ‘ Narsampet, Machapur of Warangal dt., and Huzoorabad of Karimnagar dt. They built 15 temples and issued 30 inscriptions in those regions. Among them, Palampeta inscription of Rudra senani, Pillalamarri inscription of Erukasani and Pillalamarri inscription of Namireddy are prominent. They also built forts at Amanagallu, Pillalamarri and Elakurty and dug tanks 22 and canals like the Ramappa tank (Cheruvu.)
They protected the Kakatiya kingdom, chased away their enemies, won several victories and were praised by the Kakatiya kings. Recharla Brahma senani, who was the army chief of Kakatiya Betaraju-I was the founder of Recharla Reddy king¬dom. He defeated the Chola kings of Kanchipura
Brahma senani (1035-1055 A.D.)
Palampet inscription of Rudra senani, Pillalamarri inscriptions of Erukasani and Nami reddy and Chityal inscription of Kata chamoopathi gave details of Brahma senani. They say that he defeated Kanchipura kingdom and brought :Vijayalakshmi (victory) to Kakatiya king. Violent battles were fought between Chalukyas and Cholas in 1042 A.D. at Dannada and in 1047A.D. at Pudur. Kakatiya Betaraja sent his armies to his lord Someswara to fight in these battles. Viriyala Surasenani and Recharla Brahma senani led these armies.# After the Pudur battle, Chalukya armies invaded Kanchi, broke its gates and entered into the city. Brahma senani, who showed great courage during this, won the battle and was inducted as the chief of army of Kakatiyas, which post continued in his dynasty. Later on, Recharla Reddy were made subordinate rulers to Kakatiyas, who served them until their dynasty ended. Brahmasenani joined the service of Betharaja in 1035 A.D., and lived until 1055 A.D.
Mucha senani (1055-1076 AD.)
Mucha senani, son of Brahma senani joined the service of Kakatiya ruler Prolaraja-I. He was described as a person of great personality and that his enemies were scared of him and that he was like the lion of Recharla dynasty. Prolaraja-I was the subordinate king of Trailokyamalla Someswara. He issued an inscription in 1053 A.D. at Sanigaram. He participated, in the Chakramkuta, Konkana, Gunasagara and Vemulawada battles for Prolaraja. He chased a way Bhadraga, ruler of Sabbinadu and established the authority of Prolaraja there. Viriyala dynasty men served under Muchasenani. He worked to expand the Kakatiya kingdom with their help.
Katasenani-I (1070-1108 A.D.)
Kata senani, son of Muchaseriani served under Betaraja-II. He was praised as a victor of battles server of Sankara (lord) and protector of helpless in Recharla inscriptions. In 1076 A.D. Vikramaditya- VI dismissed his own elder brother Trailokyamalla Someswara as king and ascended the throne of Kalyani Chalukya kingdom. In these hereditary bat¬tles, Betaraja-II helped Vikramaditya and took the titles ofVikrama Chakra and Tribhuvanamalla. For this Betaraja was given parts of Mudigonda kingdom and sabbimandala and expanded his king¬dom. With the above regions, and the services of Viriyala, Malyala, Recharla and Cheraku dynasties the Kakatiya kingdom had became very strong. Betaraja-II appointed Recharla Kata senani as the army chief of Kakatiyas
Kamachamoopati (1108-1150 AD.)
Kamachamoopathi, son of Katasenani served under Kakatiya Durgaraja and Prolaraja-II. Pillalamarri inscriptions of Erukasani and Nami reddy praised his eourage. Chalukya Jagade kamall- II ascended the throne of Kalyani kingdom in 1139 A.D. and requested the help of Kakatiya Prolaraja- II to suppress enemies. Prolaraja helped Jagadeka malla with the support of his army chief Kama chamoopathi. Later, when Govinda Pandanayaka occupied the Kandur Chola kingdom, Prolaraja-II, with the help of Kamachamoopathi defeated Danda nayaka and gave back the Kandur kingdom to Udaya chola. Tailapa-III, the Kalyani chalukya ruler once attacked the kingdom of Prolaraja and was defeated ^by their army under Kamachamoopathi. Thus kama participated in all the battles fought by his lord and served the Kakatiya dynasty assiduously. Kachamhika was the wife of Kamachamoopathi. They had 3 sons- Kata, Beti reddy and Nami reddy and a daughter- Vallasani.
Katasenani -II (1155-1200 AD.)
After the death of Kakatiya Prolaraja-II, his son Kakatiya Rudra came to rule in 1158 A.D. He invad¬ed the Kandur kingdom and occupied it. Katasenani son of Kamachamoopathi participated in the above invasion. Later Rudradeva went to battle on Polavasa kingdom defeated them and also the Vijeta Competitions armies of Jagaddeva, son of Medaraja, who came to help the Polavasa ruler. Later on Rudra conquered all regions of Kalyani Chalukya kingdom upto Zaheerabad and annexed them to his kingdom. During these battles Katasenani showed great courage which pleased Rudradeva, who presented him with the regions of Elukurty, Machapur, Narsampet, Huzoorabad and Mulugu and made him his highest subordinate ruler. Katasenani estab¬lished the Recharla subordinate kingdom with Elukurty as his capital. This region extended to Orugallu. He also put his brothers Betireddy and Nami reddy in the service Of Kakatiya Rudradeva a as army chiefs. Rudradeva presented them with Amanagallu, Pillalamarri, Nagulapadu and Miryalaguda regions. Kata senani made arrange¬ments for his brothers to rule these regions on a permanent basis and for their descendants to inherit them. With this the Recharla dynasty got two subordinate kingdoms. Recharla Katasenani-II who became the ruler of Elakurty kingdom, had became famous as the first king of Recharla kingdom. The Recharla kingdom started with him, in fact. In the two Recharla kingdoms, the region ruled by the descendants of Kata senani was called as Elakurty kingdom, and the region ruled by his brother Beti reddy and his heirs was called as the Pillalamarri kingdom, as their capital was Pillalamarri (Nalgonda dt.). Later, 5 generations of Recharla dynasty ruled them.
★ The primogenitor of Recharla dynasty: – Brahma senani
★ The inscriptions which tells about Brahmasenani:- Palampeta, Pillalamarri and Chityala inscriptions
★ Brahma senani served in whose court? – Kakatiya Beta raju -I
★ Brahma senani worked as a military general in the court of Beta raju for how many years? – (20 years)-1035 A.D. to 1055 AD).
★ The son of Brahma senani: – Muchcha senani
★ Muchcha senani served in whose court? – Kakatiya Prolaraju-I
★ Who is the son of Muchcha senani? – Kata senani-I
★ Kata senani-I served in whose court? – Kakatiya Prolaraju-II
★ Kata senani worked with Betaraju-II from: –1076 to 1108 A.D
★ The son of Kata senani-I: – Kamachamoopati
★ The inscription that praised about brave and valour qualities of kamachamoopati? – Pillalamarri inscription
★ Name of the wife of Kamachamoopati: – Kachambika
★ Kamachamoopati died in whose period: – Prola raju-II
★ The sons of Kamachamoopati: – Kata, Beti Reddy and Nami Reddy
★ The daughter of kamachamoopati: –Vallasani
★ Kata senani served as a military general in which period? – Kakati Rudra
★ Which areas were given to Kata senani-II by Kakati Rudra for his bravery and valour in the wars? – Elakurty, Madapur, Narsampet and Mulugu
★ How many feudatory kingdoms were established for Recharla kings? – Two
★ What is the name of the kingdom of Kata senani? – Elukurty kingdom
★ What is the name of the kingdom of Beti Reddy (younger brother of Kata senani): ‘ – Pillalamarri kingdom
1. Who will be called as Primogenitor of Recharla dynasty?
1. Brahma senani 2. Muchcha senani 3. Kata senani 4. Kama chamoopati
2. The inscriptions which informs about Brahma senani?
1. Rudra senani Palampeta inscription
2. Erukasani Pillalamarri inscription
3. Nami Reddy Pillalamarri inscription
4. All the above
3. Who is the son of Brahma senani?
1. Kata senani ,
2. Muchcha senani
4. Rudra senani
4. Kama chamoopati served with which Kakatiya kings?
1. Kakatiya Durgaraju 2. Prolaraju-II 3. 1 & 2 4. Rudra
5. Who among the following are the sons of Kamachamoopati?
1. Kata Reddy 2. Beti Reddy
3. Nami Reddy 4. All the above
6. Kata senani established Recharla feudato¬ry kingdom. Which is the capital of the kingdom?
1. Elukurty 2. Machchapur
3. Narsampet 4. Huzoorabad
7. How many feudatory kingdoms are there for Recharla dynasty?
1.3 2.2 3.4 4.5
8. What is the name of the kingdom of Beti Reddy (younger brother of Kata senani)?
1. Pillalamarri kingdom
2. Recharla kingdom
3. Elukurty kingdom
4. Amanagallu kingdom