SSC CHSL Topic Wise Study Material – English Language – Synonyms
Questions based on Synonyms are usually of two types. In the first type, four alternatives are suggested for a given word. You have to choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given word. In the questions of second type, a sentence is given with a word printed in bold, italics or underlined. Below the sentence, four alternatives are suggested for this word. You have to choose the alternative which is similar in meaning to that word in the sentence.
- Synonyms are the words which are similar to each other in meaning.
(a) Wise- its synonyms are prudent, learned, well-read etc.
(b) Wrong- its synonyms are erroneous, incorrect, inaccurate etc.
- Choose the synonym according to the meaning of the given word as used in the Sentence.
- If you donot understand the given word, you can sense its meaning from the context.
- Be careful not choose the obvious synonym of the word. You have to choose according to the meaning in the passage.
- Select the answer of the same form or class (noun, verb, adjective etc.) as the given word.
- Eliminating the wrong options can also lead you to the right answer.
1. Select the synonym of ‘Digress’. SSC(10+2) 2017
Answer. (b) ‘Digress’ and ‘meander’ both mean “to change subject often while talking that makes it difficult to understand”.
Directions (Q.Nos. 2 and 3) Out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word. SSC (10+ 2) 2015
Answer. (b) Jealous means ‘feeling angry or unhappy because you wish you had something that somebody else has’.
Answer. (c) Quest means ‘to search something’.
Directions (Q.Nos. 4 and 5) In the following questions, out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word. SSC (10+2) 2014
Answer. (b) Spurious means ‘false, although seeming to be true’.
Answer. (c) Latent means ‘existing but not ver’ noticeable’.
Directions (Q.Nos. 6 and 7) In the following questions, out of the four alternatives, Choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word. SSC (10+ 2) 2013
Practice Exercise 1
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-30) In each of the questions below, choose the alternative which is most nearly the same in meaning to the given word.
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-9) ssc (10+2) 2012
Directions (Q.Nos. 10-19) SSC (10 + 2) 2011
Directions (Q. Nos. 20-24) SSC (10 + 2) 2011
Verifying the Answers
- mendicam living by asking people for money and food’.
- Instinctive means ‘based on instinct not thought or training’.
- Clone means’an exact copy of something’.
- Thrive means to ‘become and continue to be successful, strong, healthy etc.’
- Dissuade means ‘to persuade somebody not to do something.’
- Anguish means ‘severe pain or mental suffering’.
- Fortitude means ‘courage’ shown by somebody who is facing great difficulties.
- Imply and connote both means ‘to suggest’.
- Vigilant means ‘very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble’.
Practice Exercise 2
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-11) In the following sentences, a word or phrase is written in italicised letters. For each italicised part, four words are listed below each sentence. Choose the word nearest in meaning to the italicised part.
1. A million cinemas a years bring the same stale bladerdash
2. There must be lively discussion of Indian authors if we are to foster our knowledge”
3. Buoyed by these visions of the future of his son, the artist solidered on
(a) continuged stopped further
(b) stopped further
(c) struggled hard
(d) fought on
4. Last fortninght the rains came to the parched soils of India after the merciless drought had already sapped the vitality and livelihood of millions of peasants
(d) draine away
5. The boy gave a vivid description of all that happened.
6. It is compulsory for all the students to join this tour.
7. Some of the discoveries of modem science are simply marvellous.
8. The teacher felt that the student lacked discrimination in the study of his data.
(b) good taste
(d) good judgement
9. We don’t know how we are to recompense you for the trouble you have taken.
10. John Milton wrote “Paradise Lost’ to vindicate the ways of God to man.
11. We should always try to maintain and promote communal amity.