SSC CHSL Topic Wise Study Material – English Language – Cloze Passage
In the questions based on Cloze Passage, a passage is given with some blank spaces, each of which has been numbered. Four words for each blank are mentioned against the number below the passage. You are required to fill in the blanks, choosing the appropriate word in the context of the whole passage.
* Read the passage and get familiar with its contents.
* Select the answer in the context of the whole passage.
* Look for clues that will help you pick the right kind of word i.e., noun, verb, adjective, adverb etc.
* While selecting a word consider its all possible meanings.
* If you can’t pick the right answer, get to it by eliminating the wrong answers.
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-5) In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives. ssc (1o+2) 2017
This is a question that__beyond rights and democracy. It plunges____into the basics of what constitutes that which is social. Is not the primordialism and the____of violence being used to construct a new kind of social? Are the current strategies of law enough to ponder__and___about such events?
1. This is a question that____beyond rights and democracy.
(c) has gone
(d) is going
2. It plunges___ into the basics of what constitutes that which is social.
3. the___of violence being used to construct a new kind of social?
4. Are the current strategies of law enough to ponder____
5. and___about such events?
Directions (Q.Nos. 6-15) In the following passage some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer to each question out of the four alternatives and fill in the blanks. (ssc 10+2) 2015
Past (6) us in understanding our present world in a (7) better way. If we know (8) our ancestors lived or (9) the wars were waged, we can understand the today’s world (10) and get ideas for a (11) future. What appears to (12) as wrong today could have been right (13). It is also interesting to know how (14) in the past (15) the life of humans.
(d) is helping
Superstition is a (16) in(17), which (18) be explained by the (19) of nature and also not by religion. For (20) a superstitious person believes that a black cat (21) his path will bring him (22). In Brazil, for instance, many people believe that a person can be harmed or even killed by (23) needles in a puppet which (24) the person to be harmed. This is called ‘voodoo-magic’. People who do not believe in (25) things consider them superstition. SSC (10+2) 2014
(c) Belief means ‘a strong feeling that something exists’.
(d) Out of the given alternatives something’ fits the blank appropriately.
(d) will not
(b) In the context of the sentence ‘cannot’ is the appropriate word.
(a) ‘laws of nature’ is the correct use.
(a) For instance means ‘for example’.
(c) In the content of the sentence ‘crossing’ is the appropriate word.
(d) Misfortune means ‘bad luck’.
(a) Stick means ‘to push a sharp object into something’.
(c) Out of the given alternatives ‘represents’ fits the blank appropriately.
(c) In the context of the passage ‘such things’ is the appropriate use.
When I go into a stranger’s library I (26) round the bookshelves. This is to know the type of person he is and I feel that I know the (27) to his mind. A house without books is a (28) house, no matter how rich the carpets are. These only tell you whether he (29) a lot of money, but the books tell you whether he has a mind as well. It is not a (30) of money that we do not buy books. SSC (10 + 2) 2013
(d) has had
Directions (Passages 1-19) In each of the following passages there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Four words for each blank have been mentioned against the number below every passage. You are required to fill the blank, choosing the appropriate word in the context of the whole passage.
Speech is major mode of communication. Conversing with people is an everyday (1). Without conversation, communication would be (2). Therefore, one should (3) develop one’s conversational skill. There are different kinds of conversation. Sometimes one tries to (4) another in conversation just to get (5). In such conversation, meaning (6) matter. When strangers meet, they begin to talk (7) the weather, rain, heat etc. Remarks on these topics are rituals rather than (8) communication. Such remarks are meant to (9) a conversation. Once begun, the conversation could be (10). SSC (10 + 2) 2012
(b) does not
(d) did not
(a) carried out
(b) carried over
(c) carried away
(d) carried on
In Buddha’s day s rough rectangular coins (1) issued by various economic and political authorities (2) it was not until the.fourth century before Christ that India arrived at a coinage guaranteed by the state. Sher Shah (3) well designed pieces of copper, silver and gold. In medieval India the growth of industry and commerce was impeded (4) a religious anti-pathy to the taking of interest. The Indians (5) put out money at usury nor knew how to borrow. When the Hindu (6) not invest his savings in his own economic enterprises he (7) to hoard them or to buy jewellery as conveniently (8) wealth. Perhaps this failure to develop a facile credit system (9) the industrial revolution to establish the European domination of Asia, Slowly, however despite the (10) of the Brahmans, money-lending grew. SSC (10 + 2) 2012
(d) put forth
Beggars have found a new way of making money. They seek (1) via SMS, requesting to credit sums (2) from Rs 10 to Rs 100. They explain their (3) and end the message with a statement of (4). “Those who are God-fearing will definitely (5) to their request and will be heaped with (6) as a reward for their good (7).” Many also send heavenly pictures of (8). Quite in few people (9) and give away alms. They (10) that they are giving money in the name of God, irrespective of who the receiver is? SSC (10 + 2) 2012
(a) take action
Everyone considers food, shelter, clothing and medical care to be the basic needs for a comfortable living. Even the government accepts this and (1) to provide all these. But very (2) people know that energy required for (3) and heating is also one of (4) basic needs. We are all aware (5) our country has achieved self-sufficiency in (6) but we have to go a (7) way (8) in order to (9) sufficiency in the (10) of energy. SSC (10 + 2) 2011
It was a sudden decision. Three of us all (1) in the hostel, decided to travel by train to (2) and witness the Republic Day Parade. The station was heavily (3) and there was a long queue before the ticket counter. (4) pretended sickness and persuaded the man nearest to the (5) to buy three more tickets-one for him and (6) for his sisters. No problem, therefore, in buying tickets. (7) train was already at the platform and there was (8) mad rush among the passengers to get on the coaches. Hari would not be worried by (9). He asked (10) to jump over the bumper between two coaches to get on to the other side. SSC (10 + 2) 2011
According to sociologists(1)gains in many ways when the government(2)sports and games (3) provides playgrounds, rewards outstanding (4)so as to encourage others also to (5) games. The crime (6)dips, which means that the (7) of general crimes decreases(8)the right spirit and the right approach to things is developed on the(9)sport, it has been said, is not only a manifestation of animal energy of surplus strength to develop more strength; it is, in addition, a (10) and wholesome outlet for the aggressive spirit in human beings.
(a) in villages
(b) in towns
(c) in stadium
Man worked with his small tools until the advent of modern machinery(1)by steam, and electricity. The small tools (2)defeat from the big machines, as (3) hands had (4) to the hands (5)with tools. These machines operate only over large (6)of land and considerable (7)are needed for their procurement and use. But if therefore we give up all(8)saying that our peasantry cannot(9)them, it will simply mean (10) trouble.
Elephants are(1)in India and in Africa. The (2) elephant differs in some points (3) the Indian, being larger wilts, (4) tusk and bigger ears. In fact the two are considered to be different (5) In both countries, they live in (6) in the jungles and are naturally (7) animals that keep away from (8) Elephants are fine advertisement for (9) for they live (10) on leaves, grass and roots.
(a) the cities
(c) the world
(d) the water
Being stupid and having no(1)animals often behave far more(2)than men. Efficiently and by(3)they do the right, appropriate thing at the right moment: eat when they are (4) look for water when they feel(5)make love in the (6)season, rest or play when they have (7)Men are intelligent and (8)they look backwards and ahead; they (9) ingenious explanation for observed phenomena; they (10)elaborate and roundabout means for the achievement of remote ends.
(d) common sense
(c) draw up
In the modern world, newspapers have become an(1)one. In early mornings, we can see paper boys (2)the newspapers at, every door and people (3)news mart and eagerly (4)them. Thus newspapers have become(5)of our life. Newspapers bring news(6)all over the world. They (7) various events (8)in every nook and corner of the world. The (9)the Government(10)the public.
My aunt Myra is strangely like a thunderstorm when she is angry. Like a bright, sunny day that is usually the(1) to a storm, her normal (2) suddenly begins to cloud. As the day (3)and a few thunderclaps roll out she also darkens and begins to (4)The bolts get more and more(5)until finally the rain begins. With aunt Myra, however, it is a (6)of words punctuated with frequent(7)of thunder. The end of her(8)like the end of a(9)is usually sudden. The words end abruptly; the clouds(10)of a while; then the sky clears.
New York’s tallest building is the Empire State Building, which stands on Fifth Avenue, New York, between 33rd Street and 34th Street. It was (1)on the site of the Waldorf-Astora Hotel and took 410 days at. the rate of 4 1/2 floors week(2)complete. The building was opened on 1 May, 1931 by remote control, when President Herbert Hoover(3)a button in-Washington DC. The Empire State Building towers 381 m above ground and measures 443.2 m to the top of the TV tower. A further 16m is below ground. The spire on top was designed as an airship mooring mast, but after a German airship, the Hindenburg, burned at its mooring mast in New Jersey in 1937, the mast was(4)used. For more than 40 years, the Empire State held the(5)as the world’s tallest office or apartment building.
Those who are in the habit of remarking on such matters must have noticed the (1)of an English landscape on(2.)The clacking of the(3) the regularly recurring stroke of the flail, the (4)of the blacksmith’s (5), the whistling of the ploughman, the rattling of the (6)and all other sounds of (7)labour are suspended. The very dogs bark less (8)being less disturbed by passing (9)At such times I have almost (10)the wind sunk into quiet.
(a) a dry day
The captain waited till sunset but no ship approached. His own ship was wrecked. He was wondering how to (1)the mighty ocean. As the shades of evening were stealing (2)the sky, he once more (3)towards the horizon, but no sail was (4)In despair, he addressed a mute (5)to the skies and (6) himself for death! He thought of his (7) wife and infant boy with infinite (8)in his wistful eyes. Just at this moment, as if God had been (9) the faith of the crew to the utmost, a distant sail was (10) near the horizon.
Something has happened in the last twenty years that surely must(1)anything that has happened before. Some historians are already saying that thrust (2)space represent? a vital turning point in history. Moon flights are considered (3)less than steps in human evolution (4)to the time when life of Earth emerged from the sea and established itself on lend. Of course, not everyone (5) enraptured by space. Critics have often said that space flight has been an (6)use of resources that should have (7)to feeding, clothing and housing people. There is, however, no proof that if we had (8) been working on space, we would have done anything of great human value. In fact, research and exploration have a (9) spin-offs, quite apart from the fact that they demonstrate that (10)is alive and insatiably curious.
(b) has been
(c) had been
In all compositions (1)is the most(2)virtue. You should write in a simple and(3) manner. The words chosen should be (4) in meaning. Try not to use (5)words merely because they are (6.)Do not allow poetic images of(7)to spoil the grace of good style. It is no longer (8)to stuff your composition with too many(9)or proverbs especially if their relevance is (10).
There is one great(1) to the village(2)John lives. A main road runs right ,(3)it. This road carries (4)of traffic and(5)at night the noise of it does not altogether stop. In fact some people in the village complain that they are often (6)to sleep because of the roar of the trucks. John is (7) than some of the other as he does not live on (8)main road (9)in a lane where it is not so (10)
We are citizens of no mean country and we are(1)of the land of our birth, of our people, our culture and our (2.)That pride should not be for a romanticised past to which we have to (3)nor should it encourage exclusiveness or a want of (4)of other ways than our own. It must never allow us to .(5)our many weaknesses and failings or(6)our longing to be rid of them. We have a long way to go and much leeway to make(7)before we take our proper(8)with others the van of human civilization and progress. And we have to(9)for the time at our disposal is (10).
The (1) of co-education in India has been of (2) kind. In the northern part of our country, there are a (3) number of co-educational schools. While in the southern part the (4) of unisex schools are more. This is also true for the rural India, where the rural masses are both boys and girls (5) together. The aim of co-education (6)is to provide (7) and learning atmosphere for the boys and girls under one roof. However, many people, who do not(8) this system of education, are of the opinion that this system is not (9)They feel that co-education is a (10) phenomenon.