SSC CHSL Topic Wise Study Material – English Language – Antonyms
Questions based on Antonyms are usually of two types. In the first type, four alternatives are suggested for a given word. You have to choose the alternative which is opposite in meaning to the given word. In the questions of second type, a sentence is given with a word printed in bold, italics, or underlined. Below the sentence, four alternatives are suggested for this word. You have to choose the alternative which is opposite in meaning to that word in the sentence.
- Antonyms are the words which are opposite to each other in meaning.
(a) Wise- its antonyms are foolish,silly, stupid etc.
(b) Wrong- its antonyms are right, correct, accurate etc.
- Choose the antonym according to the meaning of the given word as used in the Sentence.
- If you do not understand the given word, you can sense its meaning from the context.
- Be careful not to choose the obvious antonym of the word. You have to choose according to the meaning in the passage.
- Select the answer of the same form or class (noun, verb, adjective etc.) as the given word.
- Eliminating the wrong options can also lead you to right answer.
1. Select the antonym of ‘to entrust’. SSC (10 + 2) 2017
(a) To confer
(b) To allot
(c) To rely
(d) To deny
Directions (Q.Nos. 2-5) Choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word. ssc (1o+2) 2015
Answer. (b) Desist means ‘to stop doing something’.
Answer. (d) Defile means ‘to make something dirty or impure’.
Answer. (d) Sterile means ‘not able to produce; infertile’.
Answer. (c) Prudent means ‘sensible and careful when making decisions; judicious’.
Directions (Q.Nos. 6-10) In the following questions, choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word. SSC (10+2) 2014
Answer. (d) Discrimination means ‘the practice of treating somebody less fairly than others’. ‘
(d) Livening up
Answer. (c) Endangered means ‘to be in a position in which you can be harmed or damaged’.
Answer. (d) Maverick means ‘one who does not think like everyone else but has unusual opinions’.
Answer. (b) Release means ‘to let somebody out of a place where he was kept or trapped’. Confine means ‘to limit somebody in a particular area or space’.
(a) Nebulous / Opaque
Answer. (a) Nebulous means ‘not clear’.
Directioins (Q.Nos. 11 and 12) In the following questions, choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word. ssc (10+2) 2013
Practice exercise 1
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-30) In each of the questions below, choose the alternative which is opposite in meaning to the given word.
Directions (Q.Nos. 1-9) ssc (10+ 2) 2012
Directions (Q.Nos. 10-19) SSC (10 + 2) 2011
(d) Choice .
Verifying the Answers
- Innate means ‘a quality, feeling etc., that you have when you are born’. Acquired means ‘to gain something by your own efforts’.
- Reprisal means ‘a violent or aggressive act towards somebody because of something bad they have done to you’.
- Hegemony means ‘control by one over others’.
- Permit means ‘to allow somebody to do something’. Forbid means ‘to order somebody not to do something’.
- Lead means ‘to go with or in front of somebody to show the way’. Follow means ‘to go behind the somebody.’
- Insolent means ‘rude and showing lack of respect’. Submissive means ‘willing to obey somebody whatever they want you to do’.
- Feeble means ‘very weak’. Robust means ‘strong and healthy’.
- Adulterate means ‘to make less pure by making another substance’. Purify means ‘to make something pure by removing substances that are dirty or harmful’.
- Vain means ‘too proud of your own appearance, abilities or achievements’. humble means ‘showing you do not think that you are as important as other people’.
Practice Exercise 2
Directions (Q.No. 1-15) In the following sentences, a word or phrase is written in italicised letters. For each italicised part, four words are listed below each sentence. Choose the word which is closest to the opposite in meaning the italicised part.
1. It is surprising to find her condoning such an act.
2. They had an insipid conversation.
3. His partners felt that it was a viable business proposition.
4. Overeating can often be detridental to health.
(d) de structive
5. Miscellaneous iterns is were discussed at the meeting.
6. The author has perspicuity in his style.
7. Her impetuous behaviour was attributed to her upbringing.
(c) quiet and gentle
8. He directed a couple of mediocre films.
9 He was dejected when he heard the news.
10. After meeting the holy man, his nagging mood of diffidence suddenly changed.
(b) self assurance
11. The deliberate suavity of Dev’s behaviour made the emotions of the audience volatile.
12. Sanjay’s point of view was correct but his behaviour with his father was quite impertinent.
13. At least some students are in the habit of doing their exercises in a slovenly manner.
14. The last show of the concert at the Ritz theatre was a fiasco.
15. He proved utterly capricious in his dealings with his friends.