Telangana History Vandemataram and Other Movements in Telangana
Raja Rama Mohan Roy (1772-1833) founded the I ‘Brahma .Sabha’ in 1828. Later, Devendranath Tagore and others transformed it into ‘Brahma Samajam’. It expanded very widely in the North India.
The government of Hyderabad declared that i marriages conducted according to the Brahma Samaj rituals were legal. Raghupati Venkata Ratnam Naidu, who worked as a lecturer of Mahaboobia college at Secunderabad between 1899 and 1904 A.D participated in several reform
movements like Brahma samaj at Hyderabad. He was a great scholar and orator and attracted students with his truthfulness and sincerity. Later he had become the principal of the Pithapuram Raja (PR) college at Kakinada. The Brahma Samaj worked for the abolition of prostitution and uplift¬. ment of Harijans and other social causes. It preached freedom of press and social reform.
The first meeting of Brahma Samaj in Nizam state held at Residency Bazar in Hyderabad on 20 September 1914. Narayana Govinda Vellinkar had became its president, according to the suggestion of Sarojini Naidu. He worked hard to expand the movement in Hyderabad state.In the first meeting, HS Venkata Rao, B.Ramayya, J.S.Muthaiah A.R.Mukunda Swami, Valtati Seshaiah and others (total in) joined the Brahma Samaj. Though Bhagyareddy Varma conducted the meeting, he did not’join the movement. In fact, the influence of Arya Samaj was much more than that of Brahma Samaj in the Telangana region.
The Divyajnana Samaj theosophical was found¬ed at Adayar (Madras) in 1890 in India. Its branch was opened at Hyderabad in 1892 and a magazine called ‘Andhra Maata’ was started on its behalf in 1917. This society opposed the consequences of royal system and religious partiality.
Raja Murali Monohar Bahaddur founded the Hindu social club in 1888. People like Keshava Ayyar, Ramachandra pillai and krishna Ayyar took active part in it. This club worked hard to remove blind beliefs such as ‘sea travel is forbidden to Hindus’ and others and sent many Hindu students abroad for higher studies. It also opposed other social evils. The club conducted a conference at charminar and invited Sravanti Bai Triumbaka canaron from mumbai for giving lectures.
‘It was founded in 1913. Its president was Rama Balmukund. Bhagyareddy Varma worked for the upliftment of Harijans through this.
Social service league
VamanRao Nayak and Keshav Rao Koratkar founded .this league in 1915. Its main objectives were-encouraging education of women and establishment of libraries
Youngmen’s Andhra Association
It propagated the greatness of Telugu language and culture.
Hyderabad state constitutional Amendment society
Its objective was to fight for the political rights of people. It requested the Butler committee to pro¬vide freedom of speech and freedom of press in the Hyderabad state.Thus several organisations and movements worked for the awakening of people of Telangana.
Lord Curzan (ViceRoy) declared the division of Bengal on 5th July, 1905. The people of Bengal started a movement to oppose the decision, which later turned into a National Movement. During this movement, the ‘Vandemataram’ song inspired patri¬otism among the people of the country and estab¬lished a concept and attitude of unity among the sev¬eral areas of India.
Lord Curzan was a hard imperialist who thought that the Indians were not eligible to be free or to hold responsible posts. God created the British to rule them. That’s why Gopala Krishna Gokhaley compared curzan to aurangazeb who suppressed the Hindus. Later after a very active, nationwide movement, king George-V declared on 12 December, 1911 that the division of Bengal was stopped.
The ‘Vandemataram’ song was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya in 1875. He included it in his novel ‘Anand Math’, which was written between 1880-82 A.D. Music for this songwas composed by Rabindra nath Tagore. He first sang the song at the National Conference of congress in 1896. As This song inspired the people during the Bengal movement, it was named as Vandemataram movement.
In 1938, hostel students qf the Osmania University started singing this prayer song. Before that, students used to sing devotional songs of lords Srirama and Srikrishna during prayer and festivals.
Authorities of the hostel, who never objected to any of those songs, started objecting the singing of ‘Vandemataram’. As the students refused to obey them, hundreds of students were debarred from their schools and colleges. Through a Gazette of 22 July, 1939, the government expelled 350 students from Osmania University, (a total of 1200 students from Hyderabad), 370 students of Gulbarga Intermediate college, 120 students of a Mahaboobnagar High school, 70 students of city col¬lege 350 students from Warangal, Aurangabad and Bidar regions. Lodging and Boarding for the expunged students of Osmania University were provided at the residence of Vaman Nayak and Jain Mandir. Students of other col¬leges conducted strike in solidarity to them. To save the academic years and studies of the students, a committee was formed with the help of Raja Bahaddur Venkata Ramareddy. The chairman of the committee was Achyuta Reddy. This committee requested the Vice chancellors of the Andhra and Banaras university to admit the above students but they refused because they were getting donations from the Nizam. Then they asked the vice chancellor of Nagpur University-kedar and he agreed to admit the science students at Nagpur and Arts students at Jabalpur. Many of them finished their courses there, while others again came back and joined in Osmania University. The students who went to Nagpur formed the ‘Vandemataram students Union’ in May,June of 1939 at Nagpur. A committee was formed to provide financial assistance to them which was called as the ‘council of Action’ committee. Famous lawyer Varada rajulu came forward to collect donations for the committee from Warangal. Kaloji Narayana Rao and others also participated actively in that programme.
★ Hyderabad government leegalised the marriages performed in accordance with which customs? – According to of customs the Brahma Samaj
★ Who served as a lecturer in Mahaboobiya College in Secunderabad? – Raghupati Venkata ratnam Naidu
★ First person who propagated Brahma Samaj in Hyderabad? • Raghupati Venkata ratnam Naidu
★ Raghupati Venkata ratnam Naidu worked as a lecturer in Mahaboobia College upto-1899-1904
★ Teachings of Brahma Samaj were ? – press freedom press and social reform
★ At which place in Hyderabad Brahma Samaj mets – Residency bazar
★ In which year first meeting of Brahma Samaj was held? -1914
★ Who was the chairman for the first meeting of Brahma Samaj- Narayana Govinda Vellinkar
★ How many members took ‘Brahma diksha’ in the first Brahma Samaj? –14 members
★ Who was the secretary of Brahma Samaj? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ In which year, Theosophical Society in Hyderabad was established? –1892
★ The paper published by Theosophical Society – Andhra Maata
★ ‘Andhra maata’ paper established in the year –1917
★ The paper which opposed ill consequences of monarchism and the religious partisan approach? – Andhra maata
★ The society which fought for the rights of people? – Hyderabad state constitutional religion society
★ The committee which appealed for the freedom of press, freedom of speech for the people in Nizam state? – Buttler committee
★ The viceroy who announced the division of Bengal – Lord Curzan
★ In which year the division of Bengal was announced? – 5th July, 1905
★ Who announced that ‘Indians are not eligible army responsible posts or the freedom’ – Lord Curzan
★ Who compared Lord Curzonyvith Aurangazeb? – Gopala Krishna Gokhaley
★ The day of the cancellation of Bengal division – 12th December, 1911
★ In which year the song ‘Vandemataram’ was written? -1875
★ In which year the song ‘Vandemataram’ was included in novel titled ‘Anand math’?-1880-82
★ Who write the song ‘Vandemataram’? – Bankim Chandra Chatteergee
★ Who composed and sung ‘Vandemataram’? – Rabindranath Tagore
★ In which year the song ‘Vandemataram’ was sung in the Indian National Congress (INC) -1896
★ In which year, Vandemataram Movement started in Osmania University? –1938
★ When did Nizam government announced the ban on students through gazette?- 22nd July, 1939
★ Where the boarding and lodging facilities were provided to the students who banned from the University?- Meals in the building of Vaman nayak and accommodation in Jain mandir
★ With whose initiation, the committee was formed to see not to spoil the education of students? – Raja Bahaddur Venkata Rama Reddy
★ Under whose chairmanship, the committee was formed to see not to spoil the education of students? – Achyuta Reddy
★ For the admission of the students Achyuta Reddy committee approached which university? – Andhra University and Banaras University
★ During the Vandemataram movement in Osmania university, who was the vice-chancellor of Andhra University? – Kattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy
★ The book written by Kattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy – Musalamma Maranam
★ During the Vandemataram movement in Osmania University who was the vice-chancellor of Banaras university? – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
★ The reason for the rejection to give admission to the students by Andhra and Banaras university – Donations of Nizam to those universities
★ Which university provided admissions to the students of Vandemataram movement? – Nagpur University
★ In those days who was the vice-chancellor of Nagpur University? – Kedar
★ Where the admissions went to science students and arts students? – For the science students in Nagpur and for the arts students in Jabalpur
★ Where did the Vandemataram Vidyarthi Union formed ? – Nagpur
★ In which year Vandemataram Vidyarthi Union was formed? –1939
★ The committee which formed in Hyderabad to extend financial help to the students in Nagpur University? – Council of action
★ The famous lawyer who send donations to coun¬cil of action committee from Warangal? – Varada Rajulu
★ Who said that the library movement itself is a first movement in Telangana? -.Suravaram Pratapa Reddy
1. Hyderabad government provided legality to the marriages performed in which customs?
1. Arya Samaj
2. Theosophical society
3. Brahma samaj
4. Hindu social club
2. The first person who propagate the Brahma Samaj in Hyderabad?
1. Raghupati Venkata ratnam Naidu
2. Sarojini Naidu
3. Kandukuri Vireshalingam
4. Bhagya Reddy Varma
3. In which year, first meeting of Brahma Samaj?
1. 1910 2. 1912 3. 1914 4. 1916
4. The chairman of first Brahma Samaj meeting?
1. Raghupati Venkata Ratnam Naidu
2. Narayana Govinda Vellinkar
3. Sarojini Naidu ’ .
4. Deshiraju Pedda Bapaiah
5. How many members took ‘Brahma diksha’ in the first ‘Brahma Samajam’?
1. 11 2. 12 3. 13 4. 14
6. In which year, branch of theosophical soci¬ety was established in Hyderabad?
1. 1892 2. 1893
3. 1894 4. 1895
7. Andhra maata paper came out on behalf of which samajam?
1. Arya Samaj
2. Theosophical society
3. Brahma Samaj
4. Hindu’Social club
8. Andhra maata paper published in the year:
1. 1915 2. 1916
3. 1917 4. 1918
9. In which year, Hindu social club was established?
1. 1885 2. 1886
3. 1887 4. 1888
10. Founder of Hindu social club:
1. Raja Murali Manohar Bahaddhur
2. Swami Ramananda Tirtha
3. Pandita Govinda Rao
4. Vaman Nayak
11. Humanitarian League was formed in the year:
1. 1913 2. 1914
3. 1915 4. 1916
12. The chairman of Humanitarian League:
1. Ram Balmukunda
2. Vaman Rao Nayak
3. Raja Murali Manohar
4. Swami Ramananda Tirtha
13. Social service league was formed in:
1. 1912 2. 1913
3. 1914 4. 1915
14. The chairman of social service league:
1. Vaman Rao Nayak
2. Keshava Rao Koratkar
3. 1 and 2
4. None of the above
15. Vandemataram Movement started in Osmania University in the year:
1. 1936 2.1935
3. 1937 4. 1938
16. When the Nizam government announced the ban on students through gazette?
1. 22nd July, 1938
2. 22nd July, 1939
3. 22nd July, 1940
4. 22nd July, 1941
17. During the movement of Vandemataram, the students of Osmania got the admis¬sions in which university?
1. Andhra University
2. Banaras University
3. Nagpur University
4. All the above
18. Who was the vice-chancellor of Nagpur University?
1. Kattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy
2. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
3. J.S. Venkat Rao
19. Vandemataram students union formed at:
2. Jabalpur .
20. Vandemataram students union formed in the year:
1. 1938 2. 1939
3. 1940 4. 1937