SSC CHSL Topic Wise Study Material – General Intelligence – Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is a process of analyzing the jumbled information with context to the known or unknown meaning which the statement carry. So, a candidate be able to come up with the hidden meaning.
This type of reasoning is based on the analysis of the statement/information given in the question. All questions of reasoning whether logical or numerical or scientific which require a systematic analysis of information given with the question for its solution comes under the critical reasoning category.
The section of critical thinking comprises of question, put in the form of puzzles involving certain numbers of items, person or things. The candidate is required to analysis the given information to summerise the suitable form of answer.
Directions (Examples 1 -5) Read the following information and answer the questions given below it. ssc (10+2) 2013
Jyoti is olrder than Sudha. Dinkar is older than Sudha but younger than Jyoti. Kapil is younger than Vipin and Sudha. Sudha is older than Vipin.
1. Whose age is between Dinkar and Vipin?
(d) None of these
2. Whose age is between Sudha and Kapil?
(d) None of these
3. Whose age is exactly in the middle of all the five?
4. Who is eldest?
5. Who-is the youngest?
1. (a) Sudha’s age is between Dinkar and Vipin.
2. (b) Vipin’s age is between Sudha and Kapil.
3. (a) Sudha is exactly in middle of all the five.
4. (a) Jyoti is eldest among all of them.
5. (d) Kapil is the youngest among all of them.
1. In a cricket season, India defeated Australia twice, West Indies defeated India twice, Australia defeated West Indies twice, India defeated New Zealand twice and West Indies defeated New Zealand twice. Which country has lost most number of times?
(a) New Zealand
(b) West Indies
2. Six students K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in the field. K and L are from Delhi while the rest are from Bengaluru. N and P are tall while others are short. K, M and N are girls while others are boys. Which is the tall girl from Bengaluru?
3. In a group of six women, there are four dancers, four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists. Geeta and Veena are among the violinists while Jaya and Seema do not know how to play on the violin. Seema and Tanya* are among the dancers. Jaya, Veena, Seema and Tanya are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. If Preeti is an actress, who among the following is both a dancer and a violinist?
4. On a shelf are placed six volumes side-by-side labelled P, Q, R, S, T and U. Q, R, T, U have green covers while others have yellow covers. P, S, Q are new volumes while the rest are old volumes. P, R, Q are law reports while the rest are medical extracts. Which two volumes are old medical extracts and have green covers?
Directions (Q. NOS. 5-8) Read the following information and answer the questions given below it.
Four young men Ram, Pramod, Vipul and Akash are friendly with four giyls Sneha, Kavita, Veena and Priya. Sneha and Veena are friends. Vipul’s girl friend does not like Sneha and Veena. Kavita does not care for Vipul, Pramod’s girl friend is friendly with Sneha. Sneha does not like Ram.
5. Who is Ram’s girl friend?
6. With whom is Sneha friendly?
7. Who is Priya’s boy friend?
8. Who does not like Sneha and Veena?
Directions (Q. Nos. 9-11) Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Rahul and Keshav are good in Hockey and Volleyball. Sorabh and Rahul are good in Hockey and Baseball. Gopal and Keshav are good in Cricket and Volleyball. Sorabh, Gopal and Mohit are good in Football and Baseball.
9. Who is good in Hockey, Cricket and Volleyball?
10. Who is gpod in Baseball, Cricket, Volleyball and Football?
11. Who is good in Baseball, Volleyball and Hockey?
Directions (Q.Nos. 12-14) Read the following information and answer the questions given below it.
Six students K, L, M, P, Q and R are sitting in the field. K and L are from Nehru House while the rest belong to Gandhi House. P and R are tall while the others are short. K, M and P are wearing glasses while the others are not.
12. Which two students, who are not wearing glasses, are short?
(a) K and R
(b) M and Q
(c) L and Q
(d) Q and R
13. Which short student of Gandhi House is not wearing glasses?
14. Which tall student of Gandhi House is not wearing glasses?
Directions (Q. Nos. 15 and 16) Study the following information and answer the questions given below it.
(i) Kailash, Govind and Harinder are intelligent.
(ii) Kailash, Rajesh and Jitendra are hard-working.
(iii) Rajesh, Harinder and Jitendra are honest.
(iv) Kailash, Govind and Jitendra are ambitious.
15. Which of the following persons is neither hard-working nor ambitious?
16. Which of the following persons is neither honest nor hard-working but is ambitious?
Directions (Q.Nos. 17-20) Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.
(i) There is a group of five persons P, Q, R, S and T.
(ii) One of them is a horticulturist, one is a physicist, one is a journalist, one is an industrialist and one is an advocate.
(iii) Three of them—P, R and advocate prefer tea to coffee and two of them Q and the journalist prefer coffee to tea.
(iv) The industrialist and S and P are friends to one another but two of them prefer coffee to tea.
(v) The horticulturist is R’s brother.
17. Who is the horticulturist?
18. Who is the industrialist?
19. Which of the following groups includes a person who likes tea but is not an advocate?
20. Who is a physicist?
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