New States added since 1950 | Indian Constitution Download PDF
Apart from those States which have merely changed their names [e.g., Madras has changed its name to Tamil Nadu; Mysore to Karnataka; United Provinces was renamed Uttar Pradesh immediately sifter the adoption of the Constitution), there has been an addition of various items in the list of States in the First Schedule to the Constitution, by reason of which a brief note should be given as to the new items to make the reader familiar as to their identity.
The State of ‘Andhra’ was created by the Andhra State Act, 1953, comprising certain areas taken out of the State of Madras, and it was renamed ‘Andhra Pradesh’ by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
The Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 split up the State of Bombay into two States, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The State of Kerala was created by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, in place of the Part B State of Travancore-Cochin of the original Constitution.
Nagaland was created a separate State by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962, by taking out the Naga Hills-Tuensang area out of the State of Assam.
By the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, the 17th State of the Union of India was constituted by the name of Haryana, by carving out a part of the territory of the State of Punjab.
The State of Mysore was formed by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Karnataka out of the original Part B State of Mysore. It has been renamed, in 1973, as Karnataka.
Some of the Union Territories had, of late, been demanding promotion to the status of a State. Of these, Himachal Pradesh became the fore-runner on the enactment of the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970, by which Himachal Pradesh was added as the 18th State in the list of States, and omitted from the list of Union Territories, in the First Schedule of the Constitution.
Manipur and Tripura.
In the same manner, Manipur and Tripura were lifted up from the status of Union Territories (original Part C States), by
the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
Meghalaya was initially created a ‘sub-State’ or ‘autonomous State’ Meehalava within the State of Assam, by the Constitution (22nd Amendment) Act, 1969, by the insertion of Arts. 241 and 371 A. Subsequently, it was given the full status of a State and admitted in the 1st Schedule as the 21st State, by the North-Eastern Area (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
As has been explained earlier, Sikkim (a Protectorate of India) was given the status of an ‘associate State’ by the Constitution (35th Amendment) Act, 1974, and thereafter added to the 1st Schedule as the 22nd State, by the Constitution (36th Amendment) Act, 1975.
By the State of Mizoram Act, 1986, Mizoram was elevated from the status of a Union Territory to be the 23rd State in the Mizoram. 1st Schedule of the Constitution.
By a similar process, statehood was conferred on the Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh, by enacting the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986.
Goa was separated from Daman and Diu and made a State, by the Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganisation Act, 1987.
Chhattisgarh was carved out of the territories of the Madhya Pradesh by the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.
Initially, Uttaranchal was created out of the territories of the Uttar Pradesh by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000. It was renamed as Uttarakhand by the Uttaranchal (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006.
Jharkhand was created by carving out a part of the territories of the Bihar by the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000.
Telangana was created by carving out a part of the territories of the Andhra Pradesh by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.