Campus Recruitment – Verbal Ability – Synonyms
A synonym is a word or expression accepted as a figurative or a symbolic substitute for another word or expression. It has the same or almost the same meaning as that of another word in the same language.
English heing the language with the largest number of words, it has many synonyms. A strong grasp of words, their synonyms (meanings) and antonyms (opposites) goes a long way towards enhancing your ability to comprehend and express clearly
e.g.: The words see, look, view, watch, glance etc more or less have the same meaning so they are synonyms.
They may however differ slightly in degree of abstraction.
Explanation: Agenda means organized plan for matters to be attended to during a meeting. In this context, schedule is nearest in meaning though it isn’t a clear meaning of agenda. So option-1 is correct choice.
2. Effort .
Explanation: Effort is an action intended to do or accomplish something. So option-a is correct.
Four pairs of words are given below. Each pair consists of two words which have more or less similar meaning. Find the pair which have opposite meanings.
1. a. Induce/ Coax
b. Fatal/ Deadly
c. Disparate/ Alike
d. Abettor/ Thief
Explanation: Except option-c, all other pair of words have more or less similar meaning. Hence, option-c is correct choice.
2. a. Authentic/ Genuine
b. Genius/ Aptitude
c. Ghastly/ Pretty
d. Gruesome/ Grim
Explanation: Ghastly means horrifying and pretty means attractive. Hence, option-c is correct choice.
Find the appropriate synonym of the word in bold in the below sentence.
1. He changed his statement so many times that entire his message became ambiguous.
The correct answer is (d) unclear.
2. There was crazy pandemonium as people were trying to leave the rock concert.
The correct answer is (c) chaos.
In each of the sentences, one word is given in bold and four options are given. Select the word or phrase nearest in meaning to the word given in bold.
1. The engineers subjected the engine to exhaustive tests.
Explanation: Exhaustive means thorough, complete or in-depth. Hence, option-b is synonym of exhaustive.
2. The inspector was a vigilant man.
Explanation: The root word ‘vigi’ means watchful, wakeful or alert. For example, vigilant, invigilation, surveillance, reveille etc. Vigilant means careful or watchful. Hence, option-c is correct choice.
3. The Professor is one of the most erudite in our college.
Explanation: Erudite means well educated or cultured. Learned is the synonym of erudite.
4. The world leader are trying to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
Explanation: Proliferation means rapid increase.
Option-b is the best suitable synonym for proliferation than option-c and d.
5. The tribunal’s order may finally nudge the two warring groups to come to an amicable solution.
Explanation: The prefix ‘am’ generally denotes friendly, casual or lovable. For example, amiable, amateur, amicable etc. Amicable means friendly, peaceful, polite etc. Hence, option-d is correct choice. Durable means long-lasting or strong.
6. The poor old man seems famished.
Explanation: Famished means being extremely hungry. For example, ‘After such a long walk in the mountains, they were tired and famished for food and sleep’.
7. The police is carrying out the enquiry as expeditiously as possible.
Explanation: Expeditiously means in an efficient manner or acting with speed. Hence, option-a is correct.
8. He received accolades for his work.
Explanation: Accolade means strong praise or recognition of achievement. Hence, the suitable synonym is award. Reprimand and criticism are antonyms of accolade.
9. She is parsimonious by nature.
Explanation: Parsimonious means one who is unwilling to spend money. Spendthrift is the one who spends money carelessly. Cruel and haughty are irrelevant in the present context. Miserly means greedy. Therefore, option-c is the synonym of parsimonious.
10. The Principal reprimanded the students for their behavior.
Explanation: Reprimand means to criticize or express disapproval. Rebuke also means harsh criticism. But praise and reward are antonyms of reprimand. Punish means to penalize or to handle severely or roughly. For example, ’criminal acts would be punished by up to ten years in prison’. So, punish is not an appropriate synonym of reprimand. Hence, option-b is correct.
11. The player score 80 in his maiden performance
Explanation: Maiden means first or earliest.
12. There were intermittent showers yesterday
Explanation: Intermittent means occurring at regular
intervals. Sporadic also means the same.
13. The veracity of his statements should be checked
Explanation: The root word ’ver’ denotes truth, real etc. For example, verify, veracious, veracity, verdict etc. Hence, option-c is correct.
14. He runs a lucrative business after office hours
Explanation: Lucrative means profitable or remunerative.
15. To succeed in an endeavour one needs a lot of luck,
Explanation: Endeavour means an attempt to achieve a goal. So, option-d is correct.
16. We should emulate our freedom fighters.
Explanation: Emulating means copying or imitating.
17. These concepts are obsolete.
Explanation: Obsolete means no longer in use. So, outdated is the synonym.
18. The District Collector apprised the minister of the situation.
Explanation: Apprise means to give information to someone or to inform. Hence, the correct synonym is option-a. Apprise and Appraise are two different words. Appraise means to judge, estimate or assess (option -c).
19. The minister made the announcement with aploi
Explanation: Aplomb means self confidence or composure. Poise means self-composure or dignity.
20. The actress’ charisma has got her many fans
d) Magnetic appeal
Explanation: Charisma means great personal appeal. Hence, option-d is correct.
21. This address given by the applicant is fictitious
Explanation: Fictitious means not real or imaginary. Synonym is fake, false etc.
22. The impromptu speech given by the P.M was well received.
d) Off hand
Explanation: Impromptu means unprepared. Option-d ! off-hand means without previous thought.
23. The girl showed exemplary courage in chasing the burglars.
Explanation: Exemplary means ideal or admirable.
24. That was a momentous occasion for all of us.
Explanation: Momentous means of great importance. Hence, option-b is correct choice. Momentary and momentous are different words. Momentary means lasting for only a moment.
25. The opposing parties have reached a stalemate
Explanation: Stalemate means a position in which no action can be taken. Deadlock is synonym of stalemate.
For each question given below, four choices are given. Select the word that is closest in meaning to the question word: