The General Structure of State Executive | Indian Constitution Download PDF
The General Structure
As stated at the outset, Indian Constitution provides for a federal Government, having separate systems of administration for the Union and its Units, namely, the States. The Constitution contains provisions for the governance of both. It lays down a uniform structure for the State Government, in Part VI of the Constitution, which is applicable to all the States, save the State of Jammu & Kashmir which has a separate Constitution for its State Government, for reasons which will be explained .
Broadly speaking the pattern of Government in the States is the same as that for the Union, namely, a parliamentary system—the executive head being a constitutional ruler who is to act according to the advice of Ministers responsible to the State Legislature (or its popular House, where there are two Houses)—except in matters in respect of which the Governor of a State is empowered by the Constitution to act ‘in his discretion’ [Art. 163(1)].