Telangana History Yadava Kings
Yadava dynasty ruled the North-western Telangana, with Devagiri as their capital between 9th and 13th centuries. At the same time other Yadava dynasties established small kingdoms and ruled as the subordinates of Cholas and Kakatiyas. Apart from the Devagiri Yadavas, Addanki, Alvalapadu, Yarragaddapadu and Panagallu Yadava dynasties were prominent among the smaller yadava kingdoms.
Sarangadhara-I, first of Addanki yadava rulers, helped Kakatiya Rudradeva in battles and was pre¬sented with the Addanki region. Inscri ptions issued by Madhavadeva, Singaladeva and Sarangadeva-II, who belonged to Addanki Yadava branch, reveal that they were feudatories of Kakatiya Ganapatide va.
Devagiri Yadava ruler Jaitugi killed Kakatiya Rudradeva and Mahadeva in battles. His son was Singana. Panagallu inscription reveals that Singanas third son Sarangapani deva went to Telangana; had became a subordinate to Rudrama devi and ruled Panagallu region with it as his capital. He himself issued the Panagallu inscription. Patharlapadu inscription narrates that, later his descendants ruled the Panagallu and Suryapet regions.
Panagallu Yadava dynasty (13th century A.D.)
One Yadava dynasty ruled some of the Nalgonda region with Panagallu as its capital as the subordinate rulers of Kakatiyas. They ruled until the end of Kakatiya era and ended after Prataparudra’s reign. They narrated their family history in their inscriptions with complete details. They described themselves as descendants of lord Vishnu, of Yadava community and as the chiefs of Dwaravathipura. According to these inscriptions, the founder of this dynasty was Bhillamadeva.
Singana was the son of Bhillamadeva and Sarangapani was the son of Singana. According to inscriptions, Sarangapani was the founder of Panuganti yadava dynasty. The periods of reign of Panuganti yadava kings and of Devagiri yadava kings are comparable. So it can be concluded that they were a branch of Devagiri yadavas.
Founder of Devagiri yadava dynasty was Bhillama (1187-1191 A.D.), followed by Jaitugi (1191-1210 A.D.), followed by Singama (1210-1247 A-D.). Singana was said to be the greatest of Devagiri yadava rulers. He expanded and strength¬ened the Devagiri kingdom and took the title- ‘Pridhvi vallabha’. Yadava kings called themselves with the titles of ‘Vishnu Vamsodh bhava and Dwaravati Puravaradhi swara’. Though Jaitugi or Jaitrapala was the son of Singana, he died before his father. So, after Singana, Krishnakandhara (1247-1260 A.D.), and Madhavadeva (1260-1271 A.D.) ruled the region. According to inscriptions, Singana had two sons Jaitugi and Sarangapani. Jaitugi’s sons later became rulers of Devagiri king¬dom. Sarangapani left Devagiri went to Panagallu
and established a small Yadava kingdom as subordinate ruler of Kakatiyas. He was the founder of Panuganti Yadava dynasty.
Sarangapani Only one inscription of his was found, which was issued in Panagallu in 1267 A.D. In it the family tree Yadavas from Singama to Sarangapani was described. It also mentioned a land donation to a person called Chaya Somanatha It seems that Sarangapani rules until 1300 A D. He fought many battles along with Kakatiyas and was given titles like- ‘Samasta Bhuvanasraya, Pridhvi Vallabha, Maharajadhiraja Parameswara, Paramabhatta raka and Vishnu Vamsodbhava’. He was a contemporary of kakatiya Rudramadevi and Prataparudra; and in Devagiri yadavas, Krishna kandhara, Mahadeva and Ramachandra deva. Some compared him with Krishnakandhara but he described himself as the feudatory of Rudramadevi very clearly in his inscriptions. It seems that Panagallu Yadava king¬dom ended with Sarangapani, as there were no evi¬dences of his later rulers. But the Devagiri Yadava kingdom continued for four generations after him. On the whole, Panagallu dynasty had only one ruler; Sarangapani.
★ Who is the Primogenitor of Panuganti Yadava dynasty?- Saranga Pani
★ Who is the Primogenitor of Devagiri yadava dynasty? – Bhillama
★ The great one among Devagiri Yadava kings: • Singama
★ The titles of Yadava kings? Vishnu Vamsodbhava, Dwaravati puravardhiswara
★ According to Panagallu inscriptions Singama having how many sons? – Two (1. Jaitugi 2, Saranga Pani)
★ The inscription which belongs to the period of Saranga Pani (1267 A.D.) is found at:-Panagallu
★ Saranga Pani was a contemporary of: – Rudrama devi and Pratapa Rudra
★ Devagiri Yadavas who ruled contemporarily to Saranga Pani: • Krishnakandara, Mahadeva, Ramachandra deva
★ Panagallu yadava kingdom came to an end with whom? Saranga Pani
1.In the inscriptions, Panagallu Yadava kings claimed themselves as:
1. descendants of Vishnu
3. Dwaravati puradhipatulu
4. All the above
2. The primogenitor of Panuganti yadava dynasty:
1. Saranga Pani 2. Singana
3. Bhillama 4. Jaitugi
3. The great king among Devagiri Yadava kings?
1. Madhavadeva 2. Singana
3. Krishna Kandhara 4. Jai tugi
4. In which year, the inscription of the peri-od of Saranga Pani issued at his capital Panagallu?
1.1265 AD. 2. 1266A.D.
3.1267 A.D. 4. 1268 A.D.