Telangana History The Six Point Formula (September 21, 1973)
The leaders of Andhra and Telangana proposed six point formula to meet the emergent and long term needs of Rayalaseema, Andhra and Telangana while keeping the state united. Equal development of all regions is the essence of this formula. Mulki rules will be scrapped and the Provincial Council will be abolished according to this formula. But the people will not be put to any injustice because of this.
Local candidates will be preferred while appointing assistant civil surgeons, junior engineers, tahsildars and non gezetted officers in direct appointment. They will be considered for the first two promotions on the basis of local seniority only. Three development councils will be established in the three regions Rayalaseema, Andhra and Telangana. A central university will be established to cater to the educational needs of the students of the state. A tribunal will be established to settle the problems of the employees. Since the judgment of this tribunal is final, uncertainty in the matter of services will thus be addressed. The capital city will be developed in a planned manner. Enough priority will be given to the people of the twin cities in mat¬ters of employment. The backward regions of the state will receive sufficient funds for development by the centre. The middle level irrigation projects and rural electrification will be given priority. Since the development of the three regions are targetted, Telangana also will develop fast.
The development councils created under this formula received Rs.100 crores out of which Rs.10 crores were earmarked for the development of Hyderabad. The funds will be utilised in the ratio of 5:3:2 in Telangana, Rayalaseema and Andhra regions respectively. Its term will expire on March 31,1979. The presidents of the development councils will enjoy the status of a minister. RV. Narasimha Rao played key role in evolving this formula.
Though the agitation for a separate Andhra state died down by 1973, the embers for separate Telangana state were continued to be stoked up in some form or other.
The presidential order of October 18, 1975 was twisted to suit the interests of the Andhras. The points which were pro Telangana were ignored.
A delegation of the non-gezetted officers’ association met the then chief minister N.T. Rama Rao Telangana History & Culture
and urged him to implement the presidential order in its true spirit.
N.T. Rama Rao appointed a committee with the
I. A.S official Jai Bharat Reddy in 1984. I.A.S. officers Umapathi and Amarnath were the other two members in the committee. The committee submit¬ted its 36 page report within one year. The commit¬tee scrutinised the appointments made between 1975 and 1985 and found out 59 thousand non locals were appointed during this time. Then the chief minister again appointed a one man commission under another IAS officer V. Sundareshan.
On the strength of the reports of the committee of Jai Bharat Reddy and Sundareshan, the govern-, ment of N.T. Rama Rao had to issue 610 G.O. This G.O was to be implemented before March 31, 1986.
1. All the non Telanganist employees appointed in zone 5 and 6 contrary to the rules of zonal appointments, should be sent back by March 31, 1986 and Telanganites should be appointed in their place. Super numerary posts should be created for such non Telangana employees.
2. The gezetted employees in the zones of Jurala, Srisailam left bank and Sriram Sagar, should be sent back to their own zones.
3. The anomalies in the Secretariat, Hyderabad Centre, the offices of the department heads and state offices should be rectified.
4. Action should be taken on non Telanganites who joined the government services on bogus local certificates.
5. Action should be taken on all promotions and appointments made against rules and regulations.
6. There should not be indiscriminate transfers of employees of various cadres in local areas.
7. All the departments in the Secretariat should scrutinies all the appointments and promotions made till June 30, 1986.
As the employees of Telangana region brought to the chief minister’s notice that the 610 G.O. was not implemented in its true spirit, the NTR govern¬ment appointed Girglani Inquiry Commission.
The Cabinet has accepted the Girglani Commission report dealing with 610 GO/ 6-Point Formula/Presidential Order in to and ordered implementation of its recommendations straightaway without any change.
The Cabinet, which accepted the Girglani report however, felt that a “small confusion” existed regarding Hyderabad urban district, the Sixth Zone under the Presidential Order, as nine peripheral municipalities had been clubbed with the mega city.
The Cabinet meeting resolved to ask the com-mittee of officials, which studied the voluminous report along with a Cabinet sub-committee, to examine it further and make recommendations to clear the confusion. These municipalities were in different districts earlier and accordingly fell under different zones. The Hyderabad urban district would have to be redefined accommodating all arguments coming from different quarters protecting the interests of Telangana region, it was resolved.
The Cabinet noted that the commission had clearly established violations of the Presidential Order. Referring to them, Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy was reported to have observed: “This is sheer injustice. Let us undo it.” A unanimous decision was taken to implement the commis¬sion’s recommendations with immediate effect.
But the government clarified that the free zone, comprising Heads of Departments (HoDs) and the Secretariat in line with the Presidential order and the recommendations of the commission, would continue as it was now. However, the specific HoDs exempted from the Order numbering 51 earlier, would be increased by another 50, taking into con¬sideration the growth of the departments as for the Girglani recommendations. All other departments would be placed under localisation. For these changes, the Government would get Presidential assent.
The government explained as to how the it would go about repatriating employees back to their natives zones.
For example, work-charged employees posted at irrigation project like Nagarjunasagar out of exi¬gency in the past would be “readjusted” to their native zones and not indiscriminately anywhere else. Employment on compassionate ground would be provided to the dependents of the dead only in the native zone and not at the place where the incum¬bent died.
Though the state government was firm in implementing the one man commission’s report, the Telanganites believed that justice would be done to them only in a separate state. Hence the movement continued.
The Telangana Movement from 1997 to 2010
The state wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party passed a resolution, demanding separate Telangana in 1997.
The Congress legislators of Telangana region formed Telangana Legislators Forum for this purpose and submitted a memorandum to Party president Sonia Gandhi for the same in 2000.