Telangana History Natawadi Dynasty
Natawadi dynasty was famous as the kingdom of the relatives of Kakatiyas during the Kakatiya era. As this dynasty ruled the Natawadi region, they were called as Natawadi rulers. The region which included Nandigama, Madhira, Mahabubabad and Janagaon taluqs was called as the Natawadi land (seema) in ancient times. This name was first mentioned in the inscriptions of Vishnukundinas. The Natawadi came to this region along with Kakatiyas and served as the subordinate rultrs of Kalyani Chalukyas in the beginning along with Kakatiyas. Later when Kakatiyas achieved sovereignty, they had became the subordinates of Kakatiyas. Though they are the subordinate rulers of Kakatiyas in name, they were related to them in fact. They had marital relations for three generations with Kakatiyas by then.
Inscriptions issued by Nata wadis at Kundavaram of Janagaon taluq, Nidigonda, Narsampet, Inugurti, Tripurantakam, Bayya ram, Simhachalam and Draksharamam narrate their history. The capital of Natawadi dynasty was Madapally. This was recognised as Madapally, near Madhira of Khammam district at present. During the reign of Kakatiya Ganapatideva, they changed their capital from Medapally to Inugurti. Inugurti is located in the Mehabubabad taluq of Warangal dist., at present. Their inscriptions reveal the history of five rulers of Natawadi dynasty. They ruled between 1104 and 1269 A.D. According to inscriptions the founder of Natawadi dynasty was Bhouta Bhupati.
He was also called by two other names- Bhouta choneesha and Bhoutaraja. Details of his ancestors were unknown. He was a subordinate ruler of Vikramaditya-VI of Kalyani Chalukyas and a con¬temporary of Kakatiya Betaraja-II. Inugurti inscriptions narrated his details. He had a son named Durgaraja and a daughter named Muppambika. He gave his daughter Muppambika in marriage to Prolaraja-II, son of Kakatiya Betaraja-II. Thus the two dynasties had become related. Details of his political life were not known.
Durgaraja (1104-1157 A.D.)
Durgaraja, son of Bhouta Bhupati succeeded his father. He issued an inscription in the Vikrama Saka year of 29 at Nidigonda village of Warangal district. In it, he was described as TVibhuvana malla Vikramaditya-VI of Kalyani Chalukyas. Durgaraja’s wife was Prolamadevi. Her name suggests that she might be the sister of Kakatiya Prolaraja. Durgaraja was a great warrior and was a subordinate ruler of Vikramaditya-VI and Someswara-III. He died in a battle while fighting with Chagi dynasty in 1157 A.D. Later his wife Prolamadevi issued an inscrip¬tion in 1157 A.D. at Navepothavaram. Inscriptions of Chagi dynasty reveal that the Natawadi region was under their control, which means that they might have occupied the region temporarily.
Buddharaja (1157 – 1201 A.D.)
After Durgaraja, his son Budharaja came to rule. One inscription of his period was found in Inugurti. It contained the names of 4 Natawadi rulers. They are – Beta, Durga Bhupati, Budha Bhupati and Rudra. This helped in reconstructing the family tree of Natawadi dynasty. Budha was a contemporary of Kakatiya Rudradeva, Mahadeva and Ganapatideva. He had two sons- Rudra and Okkaliga Rudra.
Rudra-I (1201-1209 A.D.)
After Budha-1 his elder son Rudra ascended the throne. His first inscription of 1201 A.D. was found in Bejawada (Vijayawada). Another inscription issued in Bejawada in 1205 A.D. described him as son of Budharaja of Natawadi dynasty. The Kundavaram (Warangal dt.) Mukunur and Nidigonda inscriptions reveal that Rudra’s wife was Kundamamba of Kakatiya dynasty
After Rudra-I, his younger brother Okkaliga Rudra came to rule. Tripurantaka temple inscription issued by Kakatiya Mylamba in 1209 A.D. says that he was the second son of Budharaja. The last inscription of Okkaliga Rudra’s period was issued in 1242 A.D. at Tripurantakam.
His capital was Vallur. He had three titles. i,e Vakkadimalla, Doddapwada Gonda Bhairava and Parabala Sadhaka. He had 8 sons and one daughter
Rudra-II (1248-1259 AD.)
After Okkaliga Rudra, his elder son Rudra-II came to rule. He issued the Tripurantakam inscription in 1248 A.D. He was a contemporary of Kakatiya Ganapati deva. Other details of his period are not known.
Ganapatideva Maharaja (1259-1269 A.D.)
The inscription of Ganapatideva Maharaja peri¬od was issued at Tripurantakam in 61st year of Kakatiya Ganapatideva’s reign. In it, he was stated as the Kumara Ganapatideva Maharaja. He was a contemporary of Rudramadevi and was the last of Natawadi rulers. History of Natawadi dynasty after him was not known. So, it was concluded that this
dynasty ended with him.
★What is the name did the dynasty which ruled natawadi kingdom? – Natawadi dynasty
★In the past, the regions of Nandigama, Madhira, Mahabubabad, Janagaon taluqs are called as: – Natawadi seema
★The capital of Natawadi dynasty kings: – Medapally (Khammam)
★During the period of Kakati Ganapati deva, Natawadi kings transferred their capital from Medapally to which place?-Inugurti(Warangal)
★ The ruling period of Natawadi kings: – From 1104 A.D. to 1269 A.D.
★ Who will be called as primogenitor of Natawadi dynasty? – Bhauta Bhupati
★ Other names to Bhauta Bhupati: Bhauta Chonisa, Bhauta raju
★ The son of Bauta Bhupati: – Durga raju
★ Bhauta Bhupati was a contemporary of: – Kakatiya Betaraju-II
★ The regime of Durgaraju: –1104 -1157 A.D.
★ The inscription of Durgaraju available at: – Nidigonda village (Warangal dist.)
★ Name the wife of Durgaraju? – Prolamadevi
★ The son of Durgaraju: – Budha raju
★ Budha raju was a contemporary of: – Kakati Rudra deva, Mahadeva and Ganapati deva
★ The sons of Buddha raju: – Rudra-I, Vakkadimalla Rudra
★ The reign of Rudra-I: –1201 -1209 AD.
★ Who came to the power after Rudra-I? – Vakkadimalla Rudra
★ The capital of vakkadimalla Rudra ? – vallur
★ The titles of Vakkadimalla Rudra: – Dodda Pwadagonda Bhairava, Parabala sudhaka
★ The last inscription of the period of Vakkadimalla Rudra was inscribed in the year 1242 A.D. at where? –Tripurantakam
★ Who came to the power after Vakkadimalla? – Rudra-II
★ Who was the contemporary of Rudra-II? – Kakati Ganapati
★ The last one in Natawadi dynasty? – Ganapati deva maharaju
1. Which are was called as Natawadi seema?
1. Janagaon 2. Madhira
3. Mahabubabad 4. All the above
2. The ruling period of Natawadi dynasty kings:
1. 1104 -1269 A.D.
3. 1250- 1369 A.D.
3. Medapally, the capital of Natawadi dynastic people situated in which district?
2. Warangal 3 . Nalgonda
4. The contemporary of Budharaju?
1. Kakati Rudra
3. Ganapati deva
4. All the above
5. The title of Vakkadimalla Rudra:
1. Dodda Pvadaganda bhairava
2. Parabala sadhaka
3. 1 & 2
6. The regime of Rudra-II:
1. 1248 -1259 A.D.
2. 1259- 1269A.D.
3. 1209 -1248 A.D.
4. 1201- 1209A.D.
7. The last king among Natawadi dynasty kings is Ganap’atideva. He was a contem¬porary of:
1. Kakati Prolaraju-II
2. Kakati Rudramadevi
4. Kakati Ganapati deva
8. Natawadi descendant who was a feudato¬ry king to Vikramaditya-VI of Kalyani Chalukyas:
1. Bhauta Bhupati 2. Durga raju
3. Buddha raju 4. Rudra-I
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