Telangana History Workers Unions, Student Unions And Other Organisations that Awakened People of Telangana, Singareni Collieries Workers Union – 1935
Singareni Collieries Workers union – 1935
Devuri Seshagiri Rao, who fought in the Telangana armed struggle, also worked secretly for the protection of the rights of Singareni collieries workers. He established the Singareni collieries workers union as an auxiliary of the communist party in 1935. The workers of the Singareni col¬lieries observed a strike at kothagudem in 1935-36 and the government banned the workers’ union. During the second world war the Nizam government lifted the ban on the communist party in July 1942. Seshagiri Rao took this opportunity to register the Singareni Collieries workers union. Communist leaders from Warangal district, Sarvadevabhatlp Rama natham, Peravalli Venkataramana and others worked secretly to support the workers.
Papayya and Rangayya, followers of Devuri Seshagiri Rao were gunned down by police in 1948 at Nellipaka. But this news was kept secret by the government as it beared a strike by the workers. But it came out after same months and the workers wanted retaliation.
A communist leader from Tondam Gopavaram of Madhira taluq, Nallamala Giri prasad led the fighting of workers. His original name was prasad. But he added the Giri from the name of devuri Seshagiri Rao’ and changed it to Giri Prasad. He also named his fighting unit as ’Giridalam’. The ‘Giriprasad Bhavan’ at Hyderabad was named after him.
During the time of independence movement in India, people of all regions fought in it as a single force. During that time, some urdu papers of Uttarpradesh printed in spring political essays, arti¬cles and ideological discussions of famous political leaders. They inspired the young scholars of Hyderabad and they formed a platform called the ‘Comrades Association’ in 1939. Prominent lead¬ers who formed the association were Maqdum Mohiyuddin, Sayyad Alamkhundnir, Sayyad Ibrahim, Maniklal Gupta, Hasan Ali Mirza, N.K.Rao, Gulam Hyder, Dr. Raj Bahadur Gaur, Mirza Hyder Hussain, Javed Razvi and others. Its first meeting was held on 13 December, 1939. Its main objectives were Independence, peace and progress. Starwarts like Sarojini Naidu, Jayasurya, Padmaja Naidu, Swami Ramananda Tirtha, Ravi Narayana Reddy, Baddam Ella reddy, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, Suravaram Pratapareddy, Mandumula Narsinga Rao, Govindarao Nanai, H.D. Desai and others participated to the discussions and meetings conducted by the comrades Association.
Later, some of them joined hands with devi, Baddam and other communist leaders and joined their party. The full name of Maqdum was- ‘Abusayyad Mohammad Maqdum-Mohiyuddin Khadri. He was born in a poor Muslim family at Andhol of Medak district in 1908. He worked as a lecturer in the city college, and lead secret relations with the communist party from 1934. He was the first secretary of the state branch of Hyderabad communist party. The name of the CPI office build¬ing at Himayatnagar, Hyderabad is Maqdum Bhavan (after his memory) He was prominent among the Hyderabad student Union and modern writers society founders and also among the Workers’ Union leaders of India. He served as the joint secretary of AITUC. His poem ‘E-Jung hein, Junge Azadi’ got international prominence and earned the praise of Rabindranath Tagore. He was a drama writer, actor, poet, soldier, humourous person and a communist leader of national cadre. He died in 1969 due to heart attack.
The first Workers’ Union of the Hyderabad state was formed by Devuri Seshagiri Rao. The cal¬endar company workers union was established in 1920 at Secunderabad. The Railway workshop Workers Union in 1927. along with it, the Alwin metal workers, Vazir Sultan cigarette factory Workers Union, and the Ramgopal Workers Union were formed.
The Railway Workers Union started a strike in 1941 and their leaders Fateh ulla khan and Raghavendra Rao were arrested. Later the workers of Aalwin metals and Vazir Sultan factory started a strike in which the comrades association supported them. Maqdum Mohiyuddin quit his lecturer post and took upon the responsibilities of Railway Workers Union along with Mirza Hyderabad Venkatachary. The responsibility of the Workers Union of Ramgopal mills was taken by Raja Bahaddur Gaur and N. Sambamurty. Amarnath Burman led the Municipal Workers Union and Lakshmidas, D. Ramaswamy, Kasiram and Alla Uddin Gouse led the building Workers Union. Vattikota Alwar swami, had become a prominent leader of workers in Secunderabad. Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham led the Azam-jahi mills Workers Union at Warangal, V.D. Deshpandey at Marathwads, Chandragupta Chaudary at karnataka region Mohammed Jafar and Hussain Khan at Gulbarga, Sayyad Maqdum at Aurangabad mill Workers Union and Gulqm Azad led the Workers Union at Ahmed Shabad cement factory.
All the Workers Unions of Hyderabad united to become the ‘All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress’ (AHTUC). The AHTUC merged in the AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress) on 16 August, 1946. This merger meeting was presided over by Maqdum Mohiyuddin and NM Joshi, presi¬dent of AITUC participated as the chief guest. Maqdun Mohiyuddm and Raja Bahaddur Gaur worked as the president and secretary of Hyderabad Trade Union Congress. (HTUC). When he was its president, Mohiyuddin made declaration criticising the Nizam government and the atrocities of the Razakars. He questioned the cruelty of Ithehadul Muslimeen towards women and poor people and urged the Muslims to not believe their words.
All India student federation (AISF)-1936
This federation was established at Lucknow in 1936 to awaken nationalist feelings among the stu¬dents and to lead them towards independence movement and the founding of a socialist nation. The Hyderabad branch of All India students Union was. formed by journalist named Shibte Hasan in 1936-37. There were students with progressive atti¬tude in it and they started a library at Abids. It sup¬ported the freedom struggle of Hyderabad state.
All Hyderabad students Union-1941
The code of conduct of the All Hyderabad students Union (AHSU) was released in June 1941. The first meeting of AHSU was held an 16 January, 1942. In the elections of Osmania University stu¬dents Union during 1941-42, Aquil Alikhan, chief secretary of AHSU was elected as the president. AHSU activists actively participated in the freedom struggle of Hyderabad. By 1946, the AHSU had transformed into a progressive platform and the only students union of the state. The third meeting of AHSU was held at Pratapgiri of Koti in 1946. Omkar Prasad was elected as its chief secretary, Rafi Ahmed and KV Narsinga Rao as joint secretaries and. SB palekar was elected as the treasurer. The activities of AHSU spread to secondary and higher schools of Telangana region and many student leaders came to light through it.
★ In which year the Singareni Collieries Company Limited was set up? –1889
★ The year in which Singareni Collieries workers union was set up? -1935
★ Who established Singareni Collieries workers Union? – Devuri Sheshagiri Rao
★ In which year, the workers of Singareni Kothagudem colliery went on a strike ? –1935-36
★ In which year the bom imposed oh Singareni Collieries worker’s Union? –1936
★ IN Which year, Seshagiri Rao registered the Singareni Collieries workers Union? -1942
★ The communist leaders who supported secretly to Singareni Collieries workers Union – Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, Peravelli Venkata Ramana
★ The place where sheshagiri Rao and his following papaiah and Rangaiah were shot to death by the police of Nizam govt.? – Nellipaka (Warangal dist)
★ In which year, Sheshagiri Rao was shot to death? – 15th May, 1948
★ Because of whose cheating Seshagiri Rao was captured? – Gumasta Chalapati Rao
★ Who became famous as Manyam hero and also resident of Tondam Gopavaram, Madhira (taluq) – Nallamala Giri Prasad
★ Name of the Nallamala Giri Prasad’s group? – Giri dalam
★ Giri Prasad building in Hyderabad is in the name of: – Nallamala Giri Prasad
★ In which yearj “comrades Association” was formed? – 13th December, 1939
★ Who took a major role in the formation of comrades Association? – Maqdum Mohi Yuddin, Sayyad Alam khud Mir, Sayyad Ibrahim, Manik lal Gupta, Hasanali mirza, N.K. Rao, Gulam Hyder, Dr. Raja Bahaddur Gaur, Mirza Hyder Hussain, Javed Razvi.
★ The main aim of Comrades Association – to achieve religious harmony with peace, freedom – to eradicate illiteracy- to achieve democratic rights
★ In which party comrades Association was merged – Communist Party
★ Original name of Maqdum Mohiyuddin – Abusayeed Mohammed Maqdum Mohiy uddin Khadri
★ The first secretary of Hyderabad communist Party state branch – Maqdum Mohiyuddin
★ Maqdum Mohiyuddin served of a lecturer in Which college? – City College
★ Where is the C.P.I office building located with the name of Maqdum Mohiyuddin? – Himayatnagar, Hyderabad
★ The important one among the founders of students union and progressive writers Union in Hyderabad – Maqdum Mohiyuddin
★ Worked as a Joint Secretary to A.I.T.U.C? – Maqdum Mohiyuddin
★ The song which got international fame to Maqdum Mohiyuddin – Ye Jung hein-Junge azadi
★ In which year, Maqdum Mohiyuddin was dead? -1969
★ In which year Maqdum Mohiyuddin was bom? –1908
★ Maqdum Mohiyuddin got whose proceedings as a poet? – Vishvakavi Rabindranath Tagore
★ The name of the building constructed by C.P.I. after the name of Maqdum Mohiyuddin – Maqdum Bhavan
★ The leader Who established first labour union in Hyderabad? – Seshagiri Rao
★ In which year does the place where calender company workers union formed in Secunderabad –1920
★ In which year, Railway workshop Unions was formed? –1927
★ The Railway workshop workers union formed? – Secunderabad
★ In which year, Railway workshop workers Union went into the strike? –1941
★ The first president of Hyderabad trade union congress (H.T.U.C) – Maqdum Mohiyuddin
★ Who served as a first secretary to Hyderabad Trade Union Congress (H.T.U.C)? – Raja Bahaddur Gaur
★ Raja Bahaddur Gaur completed his education at • – Shanti Niketan
★ Who worked in Bengal labour movement came and later to Hyderabad and started working in labour sector? – Kush badan lal Mahendra
★ In which year, All India Students Federation was established ? -1936
★ All India students Federation was formed at – Lucknow
★ The paper which strived to form All India Students Federation branch in Hyderabad – Shibte hassan
★ All Hyderabad students Union formed in – June, 1941
★ The inaugural meeting of Hyderabad Students Union started in – 16th January, 1942
★ In the elections of Osmania University student Union held in the year 1941-42, who was elected as a president ? – Akvil Alikhan
★ Where did A.H.S.U. 3rd meeting held in 1946? , – Pratapa girji Koti
★ The General Secretary to 3rd A.H.S.U. meeting? – Omkar Prasad
★ The Assistant secretaries of 3rd A.H.S.U. meeting: – Rafi Ahmed and K.V. Narsinga Rao
★ The treasurer to 3rd A.H.S.U. meeting – S.B. Palekar
★ The objective of Hyderabad students union: ? – to spread upto middle and high schools in Telangana
1. Who founded the singareni collieries workers Union?
1. Devuri Sheshagiri Rao
2. Maqdum Mohiyuddin ,
3. Gouse Bhasha
4. Gauri. Shankar a Sarma
2. In which year, singareni collieries workers union was formed?
1.1932 2. 1934 3. 1937 4. 1935
3. In which year, singareni collieries workers union was banned?
1. 1934 2. 1936 3. 1938 4. 1937
4. Where Sheshagiri Rao and his followers Papaiah and Rangaiah were shot dead by police?
3. Nellipaka (Warangal)
5. The name of Nallamala giri prasad group?
1. Giri group 2. Nizam group
3. prasad group 4. Sammakka group
6. In which year comrades Association was formed ?
1. 1937 2. 1938 3. 1939 4. 1940
7. Comrades Association was merged into which party?
1. National Congress
4. Andhra Mahasabha
8. Who served as Joint Secretary of Indian workers All India Trade Union Congress?
1. Madapati Hanumantha Rao
2. Ravi Narayana Reddy
3. Alwar swami
4. Maqduqi Mohiyuddin
9. In Which year Calender company workers union formed in Secunderabad?
1. 1920 2. 1921 3. 1923 4. 1925
10. In which year, railway workshop union went into the strike?
1. 1939 2. 1940 3. 1941 4. 1942
11. The leaders of labour union in Hyderabad?
1. Sheshagiri Rao
2. Vattikota Alwar Swami
3. S. Samba murthy
4. 2 & 3
12. In which year, Hyderabad Trade Union Congress merged in All India Trade Union Congress?
1. 1944 3. 1947
2. 1946 4. 1948
13. Who presided over to the merger meeting of Hyderabad Trade Union Congress and All India trade Union Congress?
1. Swami Ramananda Tirtha
2. N.M. Joshi •
3. Maqdum Mohiyuddin
4. Ravi Narayana Reddy
14. The first President of Hyderabad Trade Union Congress (H.T.U.C)
1. Maqdum Mohiyuddin
2. N.M Joni
3. Vattikota alwar Swami
15. The first secretary of Hyderabad Trade Union Congress (H.T.U.C) ?
1. Nampally Gauri Shankar
2. S. Samba murthy
3. Raja Bahaddur Gaur
4. Ravi Narayana Reddy
16. In which year, All India students Federation branch was formed in Hyderabad?
1. 1936-37 2. 1941-42
3. 1943-44 4. 1940-41
17. Where did All India Students Federation formed ?
1. Delhi 2. Hyderabad
3. Lucknow 4. Calcutta
18. In which year, All Hyderabad Students Union formed ?
1.1940 2.1941 . 3.1942 4.1943
19. The President at All Hyderabad students Union ?
1. Maqdum Mohiyuddin
2. Suravaram Pratapa Reddy
3. S.B. Palekar
4. Akvil Alikhan
20. The leader of Hyderabad labour Union:
1. Gulam Hyder 2. Mohammed Ali
3. Abdul Nawab 4. S.B. Palekar