Campus Recruitment – Verbal Ability – Parts of Speech
PARTS OF SPEECH
Parts of speech in a language mean the role or part played by a word in a sentence. This is similar to the roles we play in our lives. In one place you might be a student, in another a friend, yet in another, if you are working, you might be a boss or a subordinate. We also play different roles at home when we interact with different people. In all the roles we play, our role and interaction depends upon the relationship with the people with whom we are interacting. Similarly, words are categorized according to the role or part they play in a sentence. Seeing a word, we cannot categorize it as a noun/ pronoun/ verb/ adjective etc. In order to categorize a word, we need to know what role it plays in the sentence. Words are normally categorizes into 8 parts of speech. Here we give you the categories with some examples:
|Part of Speech||Function||Example Words||Example Sentences|
|NOUN||Name of a person, place, thing or quality||Girl, Manchester, Gandhiji, peace, honesty||Gandhiji loved peace.|
|PRONOUN||Words used instead of a noun||He, she, our, theirs,|
|She is our teacher.|
|ADJECTIVE||Words used to describe nouns.||Beautiful, big, tall, awesome …|
The girl is tall.
|VERB||Words which tell the state of a thing, possession and action.||Be verbs, have verbs and do verbs,|
am, Is, are, was, were, have, has, had Do, does, did work, talk, walk …
She is my friend.
|ADVERB||Words which tell us where, when and how an action takes place, as well as to what degree an action takes place||fast, very, sincerely, properly, quite||She works fast.|
This train is quite fast.
|PREPOSITION||Words which tell us the position or relationship between two nouns in a sentence.||In, on, between, under, for, near, by, with …|
There’s a park near my house.
|CONJUNCTION||Words which join other words or sentences to make language more concise||And, but, or, neither.. .nor, either.. .or, so when, while, who whom||Bread and butter is taken by many for breakfast.|
He started early hut could not reach on time.
|INTERJECTION||Words used to express sudden feelings and expressions.||Wow! Great! Spectacular! Awesome!|
Wow! What a great shot!