General Studies Questions & Answers | History FAQs
Q: The Third Battle of Panipat was fought between? [SSC FCI 2012]
Ans: The Marathas and the Afghans. The Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marathas.
Q: Who termed Cripps’ proposals as “a post-dated cheque in a crashing bank”? [SSC FCI 2012]
Ans: Mahatma Gandhi
Explanation: Gandhiji termed the Cripps’ proposals as a post-dated cheque in a crashing bank. Cripps mission failed to satisfy Indian nationalists and turned out to be merely a propaganda device for the US and Chinese consumption.
Q: The State of Jhansi was made a part of the British empire in India through [SSC FCI 2012]
Ans: Doctrine of Lapse
Explanation: The State of Jhansi was made a part of the British empire in India through Dalhousie’s Doctrine of Lapse in 1853.
Q: Sayana, the famous commentator of the Vedas, flourished under the rule of [Assist. Comm. 2012]
Ans: Vijayanagara Kings
Explanation: Sayana was an important commentator of the Vedas. He flourished under King Bukka I and his successor Harihara II, in the Vijayanagar Empire of South India. Sayana’s major work is his Vedartha Prakasha (literally, the meaning of the Vedas made manifest), or commentary on the Vedas.
Q: The Bandagan-i-Khas, during the rule of Delhi Sultans, referred to the [Assist. Comm. 2012]
Ans: Royal Slaves
Explanation: The Bandagan-i-Khas, during the rule of Delhi Sultans, referred to the royal slaves. It was a separate department and was established by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
Q: Which metal has so far not been discovered in Harappan sites? [CSG PSC 2012]
Explanation: Iron was discovered at the end of Rigvedic age in India. Harappan people has no knowledge of it.
Q: In which year was Guru Nanak Dev born? [IB 2012]
Ans: AD 1469
Explanation: Guru Nanak (April 15,1469-September 22, 1539) was the founder of the religion of Sikhism in India and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Q: Akbar launched ‘Deen-e-Illahi’ in the year [CSG PSC 2012]
Ans: AD 1581
Explanation: Akbar proclaimed a new religion, ‘Deen-e-lllahi’ in 1581. It was based on a synthesis of values taken from several religions.
Q: Which book was authored by a lady of the Mughal Royal House? [CDS 2012]
Ans: Humayun Nama
Explanation: Gulbadan Begum’s ‘Humayun Nama’ is the best : contemporary work in which the life and activities of royal ladies during Babur’s and Humayun’s time was concerned.
Q: Which depicts the correct meaning of the term ‘Jins-i-Kamif concerning crops in Mughal India? [CDS 2012]
Ans: Cash Crop
Explanation: In Mughal India, cash crops like cotton and sugarcane were known as ‘Jins-i-Kamil’ or ‘Jins-i-Ala’.