Telangana History Aborigin Downtrodden (ADI-DALIT) Movements in Telangana
Before the independence movement in India, Dalits began to work in Railways and Military as employees, mixed with the British and were made aware of their bright in the society. The chief originators of this awareness and change in the Backward communities are Bhagyareddy Yarma, M.L. Adeyya, Arige Ramaswamy, S.Muthayya, B. Shyam sundar, B.S. Venkata Rao, Rajaram Bhole, T.V.Narayana, Lakshmayya, S.Babayya, RR.Venkataswamy, Subedar Sayanna, Bandeli Chitharayya, Pesari veeranna and others. Non Dalits like Raja Dhanraj Giriji, Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Suravaram Pratapa Reddy, Vadlakonda Narasimharao, Rai P. Bal Mukund, vaman Nayak, Lalji Meghji, Aghornath, Baji, Krishnarao and ethers helped and encouraged the movement of dalits.
An activist called Balreddy conducted a school for dalits in 1934. As justice K. Punnayya said, even before Dr. BR. Ambedkar came into the scene, Bhagyareddy started working for the uplift ment of dal¬its in 1917 itself, and not only because famous nation wide but won the praises of Gandhiji and Sarojini Naidu. Bhagya reddy Varma served hard to awaken the untouchables towards their flight at the state level before Gandhi and Ambedkar started working for that cause. He also conducted the ‘Buddha Jayanti’ in 1913, long before Ambedkar did so.
‘Madari Bagayya’ was the original name of Bhagyareddy Varma. He believed that they were the original early native tribes of India and they were called as Redus or Reddys, which was why he changed his name to Bhagyareddy. Varma was the title given to him by Arya samaj. Thus his name had come ‘Bhagyareddy Varma’. He was bom in a backward community family on 22, May 1888 and died in 1939. He started propagating the name of ‘Adi-Hindu’ for Dalits at the national level and the name of. ‘Adi-Andhras’ at the state level. Because of his movement, the government started calling the Mala, Madiga, Dhed, Chamar and other communities (They were considered as untouchables then)- as Adi Hindus from the 1931 census.
On 4th and 5th November 1917, a ‘Panchama’ conference was held at Bejawada under the leader¬ship of Bhagyareddy Varma, the name of which, he changed to Adi-Andhra conference. Unnava Lakshmi narayana, who attended to it was inspired by it, and wrote the famous Telugu novel ‘Malapalli’. A ‘Adi Hindu volunteer force’ started working as early as 1906 in Hyderabad, led by Varma. It contained 35 sincere volunteers. They worked with other communities of Hindus for the abolition of untouchability and for the upliftment of untouchable communities. During cholera and other such epidemics in Hyderabad, they volunteered to create people who died with the diseases. A voluntary service organisa¬tion called ‘swastik dal’ was formed in 1912 by them, and they receive special praise from the Nizam government for their activities and services Bhagyareddy Varma founded an organisation called ‘Jaganmitra Mandali, encouraged Mala Jangas and Haridasus to sing Harikathas and con¬duct other cultural programmes. During those times, he encouraged people of all communities to sit and eat together (which was otherwise prohibited).
Varma also formed the ‘Adi-Hindu Social Service League’ in 1911 and as its founding secretary organised Adi-Hindu conferences between 1921 and 24 during which he worked hard to remove the inferiority complex of backward castes and communities and to uplift their conditions. He founded pri-mary schools at Isamiya Bazar and Lingampally of Hyderabad in 1910 as a part of Jaganmitra Mandali activities. Later, Their number reached to 26 including the Adi-Hindu school founded at Secunderabad by M.L.Adeyya. In 1934, The Nizam government took over the administration of these schools, following their request.
In 1911, the ‘Jaganmitra Mandali’ transformed into ‘Manya Sangham’, which took up activities to abolish child marriages, Devadasi and Jogini practices, Bhagyareddy Varma also formed another soci¬ety called ‘Devadasi Abolishment society’, while Varma was the executive secretary of Manyasangham, Valtati Seshayya was its President, H.S. Venkatarao was Vice President and JS Muthaiah was its secretary.
An English monthly named ‘The Panchama’ was inaugurated on 31 December, 1918 with JS Muthaiah as its editor. The ‘Adi-Hindu social conference’ was held on 24, 30, 31 March 1922, under the leadership of M.L. Adeyya during which the ‘Manyasangham’ again transformed into ‘Adi- Hindu Social League’. In it, M.L. Adeyya become its president of Secunderabad branch.
B.S. Venkata Rao, who had become famous as the ‘Hyderabad Amb.edkar, founded the ‘Adi- Dravida society’ in 1922. He was inspired by the movements of Jyothi Rao Phule, his main goal was the abolition of the practice of Devadasi system. He was helped by Medari Govindarajulu and Venkataswamy.
In 1925, Bhagyareddy Varma conducted many meetings in the Adi-Hindu regions of Hyderabad to awaken the people, under the leadership of subedar sayanna (Madiga), who was famous as Arundhati (communiity) leader.
A number of movements were held in Secunderabad, led by N.R.Babayya to demand for equal rights to Madigas along with Mala community. Mudigonda Lakshmayya and others supported them.
M.L. Adeyya, who was called as the Bhishma of Dalit communities, was the president of Adi-Hindu Mahasabha and B.S. Venkat Rao formed a Adi-Hindu library with it. Bhagyareddy, Mallesh Rao, chitharayya, Arige Ramaswamy and Balaramayya propagated against the practice of ani¬mal sacrifices and founded a society called ‘compassion for animals’ conference.
In the first Andhra Mahasabha held at Jogipet in 1930, Bhagyareddy Varma proposed two resolu¬tions requesting the government to take action for the abolition of untouchability and for instructor to provide education to Adi Hindus.
In 1931, Varma founded the ‘Bhagyanagar’ magazine at Hyderabad, which changed into the ‘Adi-Hindu’ magazine by 1931. While the second Andhra Mahasabha conference was held at Devarakonda in 1931, the Adi-Hindu separate con¬ference was also held under the presidentship of Bandela chitharayya. In 1931, the Dalits of the vil¬lage Banigellapadu, Madhira Taluq revolted against bonded labour,
To the third Andhra Mahasabha held at kham- mam in 1934, Bhagyareddy Varma sent a message which said “some people keep dogs and cats in their houses as pets, touch and kiss them, while they shout at a fellow human being calling him untouchable and remove him from their path. Today, the reformist flow is going towards Adi-Hindus. We do not ask to sit at your table and eat. We demand that you’abolish the inhuman practice of untouchability and respect us as you respect other communities”.
In 1937, a society called ‘Jambavarna sevasamiti’ was formed for the awareness of Arundhateeya community. Another conference was held under the leadership of Guntimalla Ramappa, leader of.Matanga Mahasabha.
In fact, the word ‘Harijan’ was not coined by Gandhiji as many believe. In the Gujarati edition of ‘Navajivan’magazine, the word ‘untouchable’ used to appear a lot of times. One reader complained that it hurt the feelings of those communities and to change it to another Word. Then Gandhiji asked the readers to suggest the word themselves and a number of words were suggested. Among them, Gandhiji liked the word ‘Harijan’ most and started using it instead of untouchable. In 1934, during Gandhiji visit to Hyderabad, a person called pisari veeranna objected to the usage of the word Harijan. He said that those communities were Adi-Hindus. But, the word Harijan stuck and it continued to be used. At present, the word ‘Dalit’ is being used to denote backward communities.
The 43 branches of Adi Hindus met under the leadership of Bhagya Reddy Varma and under the presidentship of B.S. Venkat Rao on 19th December, 1937 to discuss the reforms of Majlis Ekhwanin. In it, Bhagyareddy Varma spoke on the un official bill, formed by Kasinatha Rao Vaidya for the expansion of Hyderabad state, and passed a resolution which said that separate 10 constituencies should by allotted to represent the Adi-Hindus. Later on Ambedkar fought for the allottment of Reserved con¬stituencies to see which might have originated from Varma’s ideals.
The death of Bhagyareddy Varma in 1939 was a big flow to the Dalit movement in Telangana. Later on, it was continued by T.V. Narayana and others in Telangana.
Takkella Venkayya, who fought in the second world war in Europe, came back to Hyderabad and started working against the atrocities faced by Dalits in Hyderabad. V. Shyamsundar, who acted as the representative of Nizam government in the unit¬ed nations wrote a book called ‘They Burn’. He gave details of the conditions of Dalits in Hyderabad in those days.
The Awareness of other castes
The Allahabad National congress conference of 21 October, 1888 was represented by chilkonda
Ramachandrayya and Rangayya from Secunderabad. They belonged to the Padmashali community Along with them, Guntuka Narasayya Pantulu, Burgula Ramakrishnayya, Dhawat Janardhan, Hakim Narayandas, Konda Lakshman Bapuji, Edire chennakesavulu and others worked for the upliftment of Padmashali community. In 1929, the ‘All India Padmashali Conference’ was held at Hyderabad. Mateti Papayya wrote a book against the Mohtarva charkha tax, imposed by the govern¬ment which brought a lot of awareness among the “Padmashalis.
The Reddy hostel was established in Hyderabad in 1918 with the support of Rajabahaddur venkatarama reddy, Rangareddy and others persons of all castes were allowed into it. Later on following the example of it, Vaisya, Velama, Padmashali, Munnurukapu and Gouda Hostels were also formed.
Sidhabattuni shyamsundar worked for the reformation of Kalavant community.
Hyderabad Yadova society
This was formed by 1920 in Hyderabad and was managed by Sangam Sitaramaiah Yadav.
Mayor Krishnaswamy Mudiraj, Kesavulu, B. Venkatram, B. Venkata Swamy, B. Rangayya, Chintala Venkata Narasayya, Nawada Muttaiah and others worked hard for the upliftment of Mudiraj community. The Mudiraj Mahasabha was formed in 1922 under the presidentship of Ramakrishnaiah which later established hostels for the communities.
Chiragu veeranna worked for the awakening of Gouda community around 1925 and formed a number of hostels.
Sri Vaishnava society.
The All India Sri vaishnava conference’ was held in 1925 with the support of Tiruvagari Venkatappayya, Ramanujayya, Dasyam Venkatappayya-, Tirukkolur singayya and others.
Nayi Brahmana society
Janapala Raghuram of the Nayi Brahmana community made a declaration in the ‘Golkonda’ magazine on 17 January, 1931 asking the Nizam government to call their community with the name of Nayi Brahmans in the census. He was the secretary of Nayi Brahmana sabha, Hyderabad. His declaration shows the extent of their awareness.
The general conference of Sagara community was held at Fateh Darwaza of Hyderabad in 1931. It was presided over by the police Muqaddam-Avusetti Mangayya and yadati Pullayya, Vennela Balaram, Yadati satyanarayana, Mandali Venkayya and other leaders participated in it.
Chintapalli Raghavacharyulu, Kollapuram Lakshmi Narasachari, Mummadi Lakshmana chari and others tried to conduct the Viswa brahmana general conference at Kollapuram in 1932A.D.
A school run by the Deccan human service society for the Erukala community helped the uplift- ment of that community along with others.
Munnur Kapu society
The’ ‘Nizam state Andhra Munnur Kapu Mahasabha’ was held in 1935, in which resolutions were passed for the abolition of dowry, child marriages and compulsory widowhood. Bojjam Narasimhulu, Singamsetti Babayya, Sripati Rangayya, Singamsetti Venkata Swamy, Giri pen- tayya, and others worked hard for the awakening of this community. They founded schools and libraries. Bojjam Narsimhulu wrote the history of them named ‘Munnur Kapu Kulabhyudayam’. He also worked for the Munnur Kapu hostel.
Gangaraju Raghunatharao played a key role in the formation of kulakarni society in Telangana and Vanam Venkateswara Rao, Lakshmi Krishnaraya Sharma, Aitaraju Jeedikanti Ramarao and others supported it.
Vaisya young men’s society
K.C. Gupta, who formed a Vaisya hostel for the first time in 1939 and was its founder, secretary, also established the Vaisya youngmen’s society/association in the same year. •
The All India Khatri general conference was held in 1945, during which Ramakrishna nanda and others released the history of Khatri community.
The Sutari society was established at suryapet in 1945. The ‘Golkonda poets’ issue and other literature of that time mentioned the upliftment of sutari and other backward castes.
This society conducted several activities in charminar region at around 1890. It created aware¬ness in people about the importance of education.
Awareness in women.
The Lady Hyderi club, Andhra Yuvati Mandali, sister (sodari) society, Andhra Mahila Sabha and other organisations worked hard for the awakening and awareness of women in Telangana. Ratna Desai of Rupkhanpeta propagated the ideals of Gandhi through literature. Some other famous persons who played key role for the upliftment of women were sayyad Ali Bilgrami, Madapati Hanumantharao, Vadlakonda Narasimharao and Bhagyareddy Varma.
N.Sundaribai, Sanditi Sathyavatibai, papamma, Susheeladevi, Mangalagiri Raghavamma, cha- trati lakshmi Narasamamba and others worked for awareness among women through writings in differ¬ent magazines.
Aghornath chatopadhyaya and Mrs. Varada Sundaridevi started a school for girls in nampally of Hyderabad.
‘ Suravaram pratapa reddy, in his ‘Golkonda patrika’ incited women through his writings, so that they would come out to write in magazines expressing their views and supporting their ideals. Prince Durai Shewar, Ahalyabai Mallanna, kuttivellodi and others took at several activities to create awareness among women.
Panditi Veera Raghavamma and Nadimpalli Sundaramma established the Andhra Sodari society in 1917 and took up several reformism activities. An establishment called ‘The woman’s Association for Education and Social Advancement’ was formed in 1922 with the encouragement of Margarette Icazims and conducted more than 10 conferences.
Durgabai Deshmukh and others formed the Andhra Mahila Sangham in 1930, women’s confer-ences were also held along with the first 11 Andhra Mahasabhas and Nadimpalli sundaramma, Varalakshmamma, Ellapragada Sitakumari, Madapati Manikyamma, Burgula Ananta Lakshmama, Nandagiri Indiradevi, Yogyasheela devi, Rangamma obul reddy and Nimmagadda Satyavati presided over the women’s conferences. These meetings helped the upliftment and education of women in general and inspired women to come out of their movement, Vimalabai Melkotey, Kamalamma and Ahalyabai participated in it actively.
★ Who started the movement for the people of downtrodden in Telangana area? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Who strived to brought the awareness at the state level for the welfare of the people of downtrodden even before Ambedkar? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ What is the original name of Bhagya Reddy Varma? – Madari Bagayya
★ The year in which, Arya samaj mentor Balaji Krishna Rao presented a title called Varma to Bhagya Reddy: –1913
★ Date of birth of Bhagya Reddy Varma:- 22-5-1888
★ In which census, the untouchables like Mala, madiga, dhed, chamar etc. were mentioned as Adi Hindus –1931 census
★ Who strived for the recognition of untouchable classes like mala, madiga, dhed, chamar as Adi Hindus? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The data on which first Panchama conference was conducted?- 4th to 15th of November, 1917
★ The place of first panchama conference: – Vijayawada
★ The chairman of first panchama conference: – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The name of first panchama conference changed as the name of: – Adi-Andhrula Sadassu
★ Who indicated that the first panchama conference has to be changed as AdhAndhra conference? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The novel wrote by Unnava Lakshmi Narayana, who participated in Adi-Hindu Mahasabha: – Malapalli
★ The year in which, Adi-Hindu volunteer force started working in Hyderabad? – 1906
★ Under whose leadership Adi Hindu volunteer force started working in Hyderabad in 1906? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The number of volunteers having commitment in Adi Hindu Volunteer force: – 35
★ The main aim of Adi Hindu volunteer force: – To work with Savama Hindus for the eradication untouchability and also for the upliftment of untouchables
★ Who came forward to perform the last rights for the people who died with the disease Cholera and their family members also ignored them in Hyderabad? – Adi Hindu Volunteer Force
★ The year which, the voluntary service organisa¬tion called ‘Swastik dal’ was established? –1912
★ Who established the voluntary service organisa¬tion called ‘swastik dal’? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Who established ‘Jaganmitra Mandali’? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Who arranged the combined dinners without any caste discriminations? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The year in which Bhagya Reddy Varma established Jaganmitra Mandali: –1906
★ The league established by Bhagya Reddy Varma in th year 1911:- Adi Hindu Social Service League
★ The year in which, primary schools were established in Isamiya bazar and Lingampally as a part of the programs of Jaganmitra mandali: –1910
★ Who established Adi-Hindu school in Secunderabad: – M.L. Adeyya
★ On the appeal of Bhagya Reddy Varma, Nizam government started to run the Adi Hindu schools from which year? –1934
★ In which year, Jaganmitra Mandali changed as ‘Manya Sangham’: –1911
★ The sangham (society) strived for the prevention of child marriages and prohibition of bad prac¬tices like devadasi, Jogini: – Manya Sangham
★ Who established devadasi Nirmulana Sangham? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Who served as a president of Manya Sangham? Valdati Seshaiah
★ Who served as a Vice-president of Manya Sangham? H.S. Venkata Rao
★ Who was the Secretary to Manya Sangham? – J.S. Muttayya
★ Who served as an executive secretary of Manya Sangham? Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Who established the english monthly called ’The Panchama” on 31st December, 1918? – J.S.Muttayya
★ Under whose chairmanship, ’All India Adi Hindu Social Conference’ was held on 29, 30, 31 March 1922? – M..L. Adeyya
★ The year in which Manya Sangham changed as Adi Hindu Social League: 1922
★ Who selected for the Adi Hindu social service league Secunderabad branch? – M.L.Adeyya
★ Who became famous as Ambedkar of Hyderabad? – B.S. Venkata Rao
★ Who established Adi Dravida Sangham? – B.S. Venkata Rao
★ The year in which Adi Dravida Sangham was established: –1922
★ The persons who co-operated with B.S. Venkata Rao: – Medari Govindarajulu and Venkataswamy
★ The person who worked as a sculptor in Pune and influenced by the movements of Phule: – B.S.Venkata Rao
★ Who became famous as Arundhati leader? – Subedar Sayanna
★ Under whose chairmanship Bhagya Reddy conducted various meetings in Adi Hindu areas in the year 1925? – Subedar Sayanna
★ Under whose leadership, various movements were conducted in Secunderabad for the equal rights for Madigas with Malas? – S.R.Babayya
★ Who became famous as Dalita Bhisma? – M.L.Adeyya
★ Under whose chairmanship, Adi Hindu Mahasabha was established? – M.L. Adeyya
★ The person who established Adi-Hindu Library: – B.S. Venkata Rao
★ The conference propagated against animal sacrifice: – Jeevadaya Prachara Sabha
★ Who established Jeevadaya Prachara Sabha? – Bhagya Reddy Varma, Mallesh Rao, Chittarayya, Arige Ramaswami, Balaramaiah
★ The resolutions proposed by Bhagya Reddy Varma at the first Andhra Mahasabha held at Jogipet in the year 1930:- 1. Government have to create facilities for the education of Adi Hindus. 2. To take action for the eradication of untouchability
★ The area of second Andhra Mahasabha: – Devarakonda
★ The year of second Andhra Mahasabha: –1931
★ On the occasion of second Andhra Mahasabha in the year 1931, under whose chairmanship the special Hindus conference was held? – Bandela Chittarayya
★ The people of downtrodden at the village Banigallapadu of Madhira Taluq agitated against: – Bonded labour (1936)
★ To which Andhra Mahasabha send the following message? “People will pamper the dogs and Cats but shout at untouchable who is having all the organs” – Third Andhra Mahasabha
★ Where did third Andhra Mahasabha was held? – Khammam
★ The year in which third Andhra Mahasabha was held? –1934
★ Who established the paper called Bhagyanagar? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ In which year Bhagyanagar paper was established? –1931
★ The paper called Bhagyanagar is a: – monthly
★ The year of establishment of Jambavarla Seva Samiti” • 1937
★ The main aim of Jambavarla Seva Samiti: – Getting awareness among Arundhatiyas
★ The leader of Matanga Mahasabha: – Guntimalla Ramappa
★ When did Gandhiji came to Hyderabad: – In the year 1934
★ Who opposed the word “Harijan”, at the time when Gandhiji arrived to Hyderabad? – Pisari Veeranna
★ Who conducted movements against bonded labour in Karimnagar and Warangal districts and preached Mala and Madiga people not to do bonded labour? – Pisari Veeranna
★ Who got resolved to allot 10 constituencies to Adi Hindus in an unofficial bill formed by Kasinatha Rao Vaidya? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ Bhagya Reddy Varma died in the year of: –1939
★ Who organised the movement after the death of Bhagya Reddy Varma? – T.V. Narayana
★ Who acted as a representative of Nizam in United Nations Organisation:- V. Syam Sunder
★ The book written by V.Syam Sunder: – They burn
★ The book called They burn’ tells about what? – The condition of the people of downtrod¬den in Hyderabad
★ The founder of Adi Hindu Jatiya Sabha: – Arige Ramaswami
★ The year in which Adi Hindu Jatiya Sabha was established: –1924
★ In which year, the exhibition of Paintings and sculptures of Adi Hindus was conducted in Residential Bazar? -1925
★ Who organised ‘Hindu Dharma Parishat’ in the year 1925? – Rana Pratap Giri ji
★ In which ground Adi Hindu gymnastics competitions were conducted in the year 1925? – Prem Theatre
★ Under whose chairmanship gymnastic competi¬tions of Adi Hindus were conducted? – Kodi Rama Murthy Naidu
★ Where did the meeting of All India lower castes was held in the year 1927? – Allahabad
★ Who participated in the meeting of All India Lower Castes as a representative of South India? – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ In the year 1930, National meeting of Adi Hindu was held at: – Lucknow
★ The chairman to the National meeting of Adi Hindu held in the year 1930: – Bhagya Reddy Varma
★ The last Adi Hindu meeting in which Bhagya Reddy Varma participated was held at: – Nagpur (1935)
★ Who established the Federation of Scheduled Castes? – Budhas Swami
★ The year of establishment of Federation of Scheduled Castes: –1944
★ The year in which B.R.Ambedkar toured in Hyderabad: – September, 1944
★ Who established “Ambedkar Youth Association” in Hyderabad State? – B.S. Venkata Rao
★ Who nominated for the Nizam Defence Council? – B.S. Venkata Rao
★ The fans of B.S. Venkata Rao, used to call him on: – Rao Saheb
★ The son of Bhagya Reddy Varma: – Gautam
★ The Institution established by Gautam: – Adi Hindu Social Service Society
★ Dalit poet who wrote ‘Paleru nundi padmasri varaku’: – Boyi Bhimanna
★ The famous work of Dalit poet Gurram Jashuva: – Gabbilam
★ Who established Humanitarian league for Harijan and Social reform? – Bhagya Reddy Varma, ram Bala muland (High Court Justice), Lalji Meghji (trader)
★ The main objective of Humanitarian League: – Upliftment of Harijans
★ The year in which Hyderabad Social Service League was established ? –1915
★ Who established Hyderabad Social Service League? – Vamana Rao nayak and Kesava Rao Koratkar
★ Main objective of Hyderabad Social Service League? – Primary education, woman educa-tion and the establishment of libraries
★ The year in which Hyderabad State Reforms Association was formed: –1918
★ Who formed the Hyderabad state Reform Association . Vamanarao Nayak and Kesavarao Koratkar
★ Main objective of Hyderabad State Reform Association- To strive for bringing the social, political reforms in Nizam State
★ In which year, Gandhiji visited Kachiguda as a part of upliftment of Harijans- 9th March, 1934
★ The invitation committee leader who invited Gandhiji to Warangal on 5th February, 1946:
★ On behalf of invitation committee, Hayagreevachari donated how much money to Gandhiji? . – Rs.15,000
★ Who sang the song, ‘Raghupati Raghava Rajaram’ at the meeting of Warangal? – Ramakrishna Bajaj
★ Who sang the song ‘Jaya Jaya Bharata mata’ in Warangal meeting? – Mongibai
1. Who raised the movement for the first ‘ time in Telangana area for the welfare of dalits?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma 2. Ambedkar 3. Gandhiji 4. Ravi Narayana Reddy
2. Who strived first for the welfare of down-trodden even before Ambedkar?
1. Gandhiji 2. Bhagya Reddy Varma
3. J.S. Muttaiah 4. Maduri Krishna Rao
3. What is the original name of Bhagya Reddy Varma?
1. Sundara Rao 2. Balayya.
3. Madari Bhgayya 4. Madari Krishna Rao
4. Bhagya Reddy Varma born in the year of:
1. 1885 2. 1886 3. 1887 4. 1888
5. In which year first ‘Panchama Sadassu’ conducted?
1. 1917 2. 1918 3. 1919 4. 1920
6. In which place first Panchama Sadassu was held:
1. Kakinada 2. vijayawada
3. Hyderabad 4. Delhi
7. In which year Adi Hindu Volunteer Force has started working in Hyderabad?
1. 1904 2. 1905 3. 1906 4. 1907
8. Who formed the voluntary organisation called ‘Swastik dal”?
1. Ravi Narayana Reddy
2. Ramananda Tirtha
4. Bhagya Reddy Varma
9. In which year, Bhagya Reddy Varma formed Jaganmitra mandali’?
1. 1906 2. 1907
3. 1908 4. 1909
10. In which year, Bhagya Reddy Varma estab-lished ‘Adi Hindu Social Service League’?
1. 1910 – 2. 1911
3. 1912 4. 1913
11. Who established ‘Adi Hindu School’ in Secunderabad?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma
2. Valthati Seshaiah
3. M.L. Adeyya
4. H.S. Venkata Rao
12. In which year ‘Jaganmitra Mandali’ changed as a Manya Sangham?
1. 1908 2. 1909 3. 1910 4. 1911
13. Who was the President of manya sangham
1. K.S. Venkata Rao
2. Bhagya Reddy Varma
3. J.S. Muttaiah
4. Valthati Seshaiah
14. Who started the English monthly called ‘The Panchama’ on 31st December, 1918?
1. J.S. Muttaiah 2. M.L. Adeyya
3. B.J. Venkata Rao 4. Bhagya Reddy Varma
15. Who , became famous as Hyderabad Ambedkar?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma 2. B.S. Venkata Rao
3. M.L. Adeyya 4. J.S. Muttaiah
16. Who founded Adi Dravida Sangham?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma 2. M.L. Adeyya 3. B.S. Venkata Rao 4. J.S. Muttaiah
17. In which year Adi Dravida Sangham was formed?
1. 1919 2. 1920
3. 1921 4. 1922
18. Who became famous as Arundhati leader?
1. Subedar Sayanna 2. Bhagya Reddy Varma 3. B.S. Venkata Rao 4. J.S. Muttaiah
19. Who will be called as ‘Dalita Bhishma’?
1. Subedar Sayanna 2. M.L. Adeyya
3. B.S. Venkata Rao 4. J.S. Muttaiah
20. Who established Adi Hindu library?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma 2. M.L. Adeyya 3. B.S. Venkatara Rao 4. J.S. Muttaiah
21. Who established the paper called ‘Bhagya Nagar’?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma 2. M.L. Adeyya 3. B.S. Venkata Rao 4. J.S. Muttaiah
22. In which year ‘Bhagyanagar paper’ was established?
1. 1935 2. 1931 3. 1937 4. 1938
23. In which year Bhagya Reddy Varma was died?
1. 1935 2. 1937
24. Who raised the movement against ‘mohtar- ba loom tax’ imposed by the government?
1. Bhagya Reddy Varma .
2. B.S. Venkata Rao
3. Sarojini Naidu ‘
4. Mateti Papaiah ‘
25. In which year Reddy Hostel was estab¬lished?
1. 1918 2. 1919
3. 1920 4. 1921
26. In which year ‘Hyderabad Yadava Sangham’ was established?
1. 1920 2. 1921
3. 1922 4. 1923
27. Mudiraj Mahasabha held in of the year:
1. 1921 2.1922
3. 1923 4. 1924
28. Who established Gouda Sangham in the year 1925?
1. G.Ramakrishnaiah 2. Bhagya Reddy Varma 3. Chiragu Veeranna 4. Janapala Raghuram
29. Who wrote the historical book called ‘Munnuru kapu kulabhyudayam’?
1. B. Ramakrishnaiah 2. Chiragu Veeranna 1 3. Janapala Raghuram 4. Bojjala Narsimhulu
30. In which year Andhra Sodari samajam was established?
1. 1917 2. 1918 3. 1919 4. 1920