**SSC CHSL Topic Wise Study Material – General Intelligence – Symbolic/ Number Analogy**

SSC CHSL Study MaterialSSC CHSL Previous PapersSSC CHSL Practice Workbook

In this chapter we deal with typical relationship between the numbers and alphabets. The question asked from this chapter generally based on a particular-relationship between the numbers and alphabets also. The relationship among the question which are asked can be considered with alphabetical order and may be considered on the basis of mathematical operations.

By analysing the trends of exams can say that symbolic (alphabet) and number analogy play a vital role to interpret and to check the ability of a candidate to consider the relationship between the given question and to choose the best solution.

**Symbolic/Number Analogy**

Symbolic and number analogy test is a procedure to check the knowledge of a student with reference to number system and alphabetic series.

**Concepts of Symbolic/Number Analogy**

**Rule I Basic rule **

Through, this operation/rule. We can say that here 1 is related to 2, in same manner 2 is related to 1 and as 3 is related to 4, in same manner 4 is related to 3.

**Rule II Develop rule **

Through, this Operation/rule. We can say that here 1 is related to 3, in same manner 3 is related to 1 and as 2 is related to 4, in same manner 4 is related to 2.

**Number Analogy**

In number analogy, numbers are given in pair or group and the candidate has to find the relationship between the numbers or group of numbers.

The relationship is number analogy can be of following types

- Total number of digits
- Even and odd numbers
- Square and square roots of digits
- Cube and cube roots of digits
- Multiplication and division of numbers

**Example:** Choose the correct alternative, which represent the same relationship as first two bears.

957 : 735 : : 833 : ?

(a) 338 (b) 383 (c) 611 (d) 683

**Answer:** **(c)** As, 9-2 = 7 5-2 = 3 7-2 = 5

Similarly, 8-2 = 6 3-2 = 1 3-2 = 1

So, 611 is the correct answer.

**Alphabet Analogy**

Alphabet analogy contains the relationship between the letters or group of letters. The candidate has to remember the position of letters in English alphabetical order and find out the relationship between the given letters or group of letters.

The relationship between the letters are of following types

- Increment or decrement in position of letters
- Reverse order of position
- Vowel or consonant

Before dealing with the problems, candidates are advised to remember the following.

**Example:** What should come is place of question mark (?)?

MAMTA : REPVB :: PUNAM : ?

(a) NCQYU (b) UYQCN

(c) UZSFR (d) RFSZU

**Reference Corner**

**1. Select the related word /letters /number from the given alternatives. SSC (10 + 2) 2017**

UHCDN : VIDEO : : OKZXDQ : ?

(a) REPLAY

(b) REPOSE

(c) PLAYER

(d) OPPOSE

**2. Select the related word/letters/ number from the given alternatives. SSC (10+2) 2017**

64 : 8 : : 289 : ?

(a) 17

(b) 27

(c) 26

(d) 19

**3. Select the related word/letters/ number from the given alternatives. SSC (10 + 2) 2017**

13: 156:: 17:?

(a) 135

(b) 270

(c) 272

(d) 130

**Directions (Q. NOS. 4-15)** Select the related letter/number from the given alternatives.

**4. 196 : 256 :: ? : 400 SSC (10 + 2) 2015**

(a) 324

(b) 204

(c) 452

(d) 144

**5. 32 : 28 :: 160 : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2015**

(a) 80

(b) 120

(c) 110

(d) 140

**6. 414 : 636 :: 325 : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2015**

(a) 222

(b) 636

(c) 547

(d) 414

**7. SNAKE : VQDNH : CRADLE SSC (10 + 2) 2015**

(a) EVFGOF

(b) FUDGOH

(c) EUDGOH

(d) FVDGPH

**8. √AFI : 13 :: √DDA : ?**

(a) 22

(b) 12

(c) 21

(d) 24

**9. FE : HG : ML : ? SSC(10+2) 2015**

(a) QP

(b) PO

(c) JI

(d) ON

**10. ABCXYZ : DEFUVW :: GHIRST : ? SSC (10+2) 2014**

(a) JKLOPQ

(b) JOKPLN

(c) JNOPKL

(d) MNOLKJ

**11. ACE : BDF :: MOQ : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2014**

(a) MZU

(b) MVT

(c) NPR

(d) NZV

**12. 8 : 23 :: 48 : : ? SSC (10+2) 2014**

(a) 168

(b) 112

(c) 90

(d) 138

**13. 5 : 28 :: 8 : SSC (10 + 2) 2014**

(a) 25

(b) 67

(c) 40

(d) 64

**14. CAT : 3120 :: MAT : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2014**

(a) 13120

(b) 12120

(c) 1312

(d) 10120

**15. DEF : EFD :: FGH : ? SSC (10+2) 2014**

(a) FHG

(b) HGF

(c) HFG

(d) GHF

**Answer:**

**Practice Exercise**

**Directions (Q. NOS. 1-10) I**n each of the following questions consists of a pair a letter groups that have a certain relationship to each other, followed by four other pairs of letter-group given as alternatives. Select the pair in which the letter-groups are similarly related as in the given pair.

**1. RPKD : OKPG : : ESWK : ?**

(a) HSWH

(b) BWSN

(c) BSWN

(d) HWSH

**2. ABCD : NPRT : : FGHI : ?**

(a) KLMN

(b) OQRT

(c) RTUW

(d) SUVY

**3. EJOT : VQLG :: BGLQ : ?**

(a) AEIM

(b) AFKP

(c) YTOJ

(d) ZUPK

**4. UDBS : USBD : : PEAX : ?**

(a) PXEA

(b) PXAE

(c) PEXA

(d) PAEX

**5. CDFK : XWUP : : PQSX : ?**

(a) KLGC

(b) KJHC

(c) JLGC

(d) KHIC

**6. GRYD : YDGR : : EKSB : ? **

(a) SKBE

(b)SBKE

(c) BSEK

(d) SEEK

**7. FILM : ADGH : : MILK : ? **

(a) ADGF

(b) HDGE

(c) HDGF

(d) HEGF

**8. QPRS : TUWV : : JIKL : ? **

(a) MNOP

(b) MNPO

(c) NMOP

(d) NMPO

**9. FJUL : BOQQ : : LHRX : ? **

(a) BKPR

(b)MNCC

(c) HRYY

(d) HMNC

**10. EJOT : VQLG : : BGLQ : ? **

(a) AEIM

(b) AFKP

(c) YTOJ

(d) ZUPK

**Directions (Q. NOS. 11-13)** In each of the following questions, there is a certain relationship between two given numbers one on side of :: and one number is given another side of:: while another number on is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relationship with this number as the numbers of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.

**11. 5 : 124 : : 7 : ? **

(a) 125

(b) 248

(c) 342

(d) 343

**12. 7584 : 5362 : : 4673 : ? **

(a) 2367

(b) 2451

(c) 2531

(d) None of these

**13. 6 : 222 : : 7 : ? **

(a) 210

(b) 336

(c) 343

(d) 350

**Directions (Q. Nos. 14 and 15)** In each offhe following questions, choose similar number/numbers to the numbers in the given set.

**14. Given Set (2, 14, 16) **

(a) 2, 7, 8

(b) 2, 9, 16

(c) 3, 21, 24

(d) 4, 16, 18

**15. 2 5 9 is related to 13 16 20 in the same way as 148 is related to **

(a) 31 61 02

(b) 12 15 20

(c) 21 25 29

(d) 12 15 19

**Directions (Q. NOS. 16-21)** Select the related letter/number from the given alternatives.

**16. CDEF : UVWX :: IJKL : ? SSC (10 + 2)2012**

(a) ABCD

(b) NOPQ

(c) OPQR

(d) MNOP

**17. QDXM : SFYN : UIOZ : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2012**

(a) PAQM

(b) LPWA

(c) QNLA

(d) WKPA

**18. 5 : 100 : : 7 : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2012**

(a) 49

(b) 196

(c) 91

(d) 98

**19. 16 : 22 : : 36 : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2012**

(a) 24

(b) 46

(c) 44

(d) 26

**20. ACFJ : ZXUQ : : DFIM : ? SSC (10 + 2) 2011**

(a) WURN

(b) WURP

(c) WUQO

(d) WTQP

**21. 1, 2, 4, 7 : 3, 4, 6, 9 : : ? 2, 3, 5, 8 SSC (10 + 2) 2010**

(a) 0, 1, 3, 6

(b) 2, 4, 5, 8

(c) 1, 3, 4, 7

(d) 3, 5, 6, 8

**Answers**

**Hints and Solutions**